M. Best-Belpomme

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The present review focuses on the potential physiological regulations involving different isoforms of adenylyl cyclase (AC), the enzymatic activity responsible for the synthesis of cAMP from ATP. Depending on the properties and the relative level of the isoforms expressed in a tissue or a cell type at a specific time, extracellular signals received by the G(More)
Literature on steroid hormone receptors is reviewed. Cytosol and nuc lear estrogen receptors in the mammalian uterus, the mechanism of entry of estradiol into uterine cells, the regulation of the amount of uterine estrogen receptors, estrogen receptors in other organs and species, the chick oviduct system and progesterone receptors in the mammalian uterus,(More)
Activation of transcription factor NF-kappa B involves the signal-dependent degradation of basally phosphorylated inhibitors such as I kappa B alpha. In response to proinflammatory cytokines or mitogens, the transduction machinery has recently been characterized, but the activation mechanism upon oxidative stress remains unknown. In the present work, we(More)
We studied the stability of the genomic distribution of six retrotransposon families in long-term and short-term cultures of Drosophila cells. In a subclone derived from Kc cells, no significant rearrangements were detected over an 8 year period. On the contrary, extensive reshuffling and amplification of transposon families were observed in recently(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the Drosophila retrotransposon 1731. 1731 is 4648 bp long and is flanked by 336 bp terminal repeats (LTRs) previously described as being reminiscent of provirus LTRs. The 1731 genome consists of two long open reading frames (ORFs 1 and 2) which slightly overlap each other. The ORF 1 and 2 present similarities(More)
BACKGROUND The negative effect of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on heart contraction, which is mediated by sphingosine, is a major component in heart failure. Because the cellular level of glutathione may limit sphingosine production via the inhibition of the Mg-dependent neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase), we hypothesized that cardiac glutathione(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha has a biphasic effect on heart contractility and stimulates phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in cardiomyocytes. Because arachidonic acid (AA) exerts a dual effect on intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients, we investigated the possible role of AA as a mediator of TNF-alpha on [Ca2+]i transients and contraction with(More)
The unusual bis(5'-nucleosidyl)oligophosphates: Ap4A, Ap4G, Ap3A, and Ap3G, have been measured in cultures of Drosophila cells. Exponentially growing cells contain concentrations of 0.25, 0.31, 0.87, and 2.25 microM, respectively. These nucleotides have been followed after stressing the cells either by CdCl2 addition or by heat-shock treatment. Their(More)
Extensive analyses of Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon transcriptions in cultured cells or during development have been reported, but little is known about their translation during the development of the fly. Analysis of the translational products of the 1731 Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon in Kc Drosophila cultured cells has been reported,(More)
1731 is a Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon whose nucleotide sequence shows a proviral architecture with two long terminal repeats (LTRs) framing two internal Open Reading Frames (ORFs). The pol ORF2 of this mobile genetic element was demonstrated to code for an active Reverse Transcriptase (RT) and the ORF1 is expected to code for the structural Gag(More)