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OBJECTIVE To develop a multivariate risk factor model for predicting postoperative verbal memory decline in an individual patient following dominant or nondominant anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). METHODS The authors studied 132 consecutive ATL patients who 1). were older than 16 years at surgery, 2). had estimated preoperative Full Scale IQ score of(More)
The pyramidal neuron loss in dorsal rat hippocampus was determined 4 days after i.p. administration of 10 or 20 mg/kg kainic acid (KA). Histological examination revealed that subtotal-to-total loss of the pyramidal neurons in both the CA3 and CA1 regions of hippocampus was produced after 10 mg/kg KA. At the higher dose, severe damage was evident in the CA3(More)
Certain behaviors that occur during a complex partial seizure (CPS) are useful in lateralizing the side of seizure onset. In 5 (5.3%) of 94 consecutive patients with partial epilepsy, we observed ictal unilateral arm and hand paresis during 27 of 34 CPS. In all these seizures, this behavior occurred contralateral to an epileptogenic temporal lobe, as(More)
We report a family with band heterotopia in a mother and daughter and lissencephaly in a son (X-linked inheritance pattern). Postmortem examination of the boy revealed classical lissencephaly and, among other findings, simplified and discontinuous inferior olives without inferior olivary heterotopia. The absence of inferior olivary heterotopia may(More)
OBJECT A gene contributing to the autosomal-dominant cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) phenotype, KRIT1 (an acronym for Krev Interaction Trapped 1), has been identified through linkage analysis and mutation screening. The authors collected blood samples from 68 patients with familial CCM and 138 patients with apparently sporadic CCM as well as from(More)
To obtain a three-dimensional reconstruction of the hippocampus from a volumetric MRI head study, it is necessary to separate that structure not only from the surrounding white matter, but also from contiguous areas of gray matter--the amygdala and cerebral cortex. At present it is necessary for a physician to manually segment the hippocampus on each slice(More)
Human sensory and motor systems provide the natural means for the exchange of information between individuals, and, hence, the basis for human civilization. The recent development of brain-computer interfaces (BCI) has provided an important element for the creation of brain-to-brain communication systems, and precise brain stimulation techniques are now(More)
Periventricular heterotopia (PH) involves dramatic malformations of the human cerebral cortex. Here we show that PH is closely linked to markers in distal Xq28 (maximal two-point lod score = 4.77 for F8C at theta = 0; maximal multipoint lod score = 5.37), so that affected females are obligatory mosaics for the mutation; that PH is lethal to at least some(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy, reproducibility, and speed of two semiautomated methods for quantifying total white matter lesion burden in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with respect to manual tracing and to other methods presented in recent literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two methods involving the use of MRI for semiautomated quantification of(More)