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Skeletal muscle tissue from SIV-infected macaques was previously found to contain abnormally high sulfate and low glutathione levels indicative of an excessive cysteine catabolism. We now confirm the peripheral tissue as a site of massive cysteine catabolism in HIV infection and have determined the urinary loss of sulfur per time unit. The comparison of the(More)
The discussions on the pros and cons of obstetric screening for connatal infections have been going on for years. We, therefore, conducted a prevalence study of the most common connatal infections. HIV infection, rubella and syphilis were not subjects of this study. We analysed the relevance of these infections in 512 pregnant women and their newborn(More)
An estimated 35 000 Germans are infected with HIV, and 75% of these are of childbearing age. Couples with one infected partner are faced with the risk of infection of the healthy partner. By using assisted reproduction techniques (ART) and virus-free sperm it is possible to fulfil the desire for children while minimising the risk of acquisition of(More)
In the late seventies and early eighties the toxic shock syndrome (TSS) became epidemic among young menstruating women. A strong correlation was found between TSS and the rising popularity of hyperabsorbent tampons. Exotoxin-producing Staphylococcus aureus is seen as the main mediator of TSS in controlled clinical trials. Menstrual and nonmenstrual forms of(More)
Mother-to-child (vertical) transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) is now the main route of infection in HIV-positive children. Without any medical measures and avoiding breastfeeding the rate of vertical HIV-1-transmission is 15-20% in Europe. The rate of vertical HIV-transmission in the German centers is today approximately 2%.(More)
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