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This article describes a new process for the production of biopolymers (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs) based on the aerobic enrichment of activated sludge to obtain mixed cultures able to store PHAs at high rates and yields. Enrichment was obtained through the selective pressure established by feeding the carbon source in a periodic mode (feast and famine(More)
This article studies the operation of a new process for the production of biopolymers (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs) at different applied organic load rates (OLRs). The process is based on the aerobic enrichment of activated sludge to obtain mixed cultures able to store PHAs at high rates and yields. A mixture of acetic, lactic, and propionic acids at(More)
Previous work on the anaerobic treatment of olive oil mill effluents (OME) have shown: (a) lipids, even if more easily degraded than phenols, were potentially capable of inhibiting methanogenesis more strongly; (b) a pretreatment based on addition of Ca(OH)2 and bentonite removed lipids almost quantitatively; (c) preliminary biotreatability tests performed(More)
The production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by activated sludge selected in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) has been investigated. Several SBR runs were performed at the same applied organic load rate (OLR), hydraulic retention time (HRT) and feed concentration (8.5 g COD L(-1) of volatile fatty acids, VFAs) under aerobic conditions. The effect of the(More)
The effect of the length of the cycle on the enrichment and selection of mixed cultures in sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) has been studied, with the aim of biodegradable polymers (namely, polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs)) production from organic wastes. At a fixed feed concentration (20 gCOD/L) and organic loading rate (20 gCOD/L/day), the SBR was operated at(More)
The paper describes the start up of a process for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from activated sludge. The excess sludge from a wastewater treatment plant was inoculated in a lab-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) to be enriched under aerobic conditions through intermittent feeding with a mixture of organic acids. Enriching of activated(More)
A study of substrate removal by real activated sludge with several synthetic substrates (acetate, ethanol, glutamic acid) and wastewater (raw and filtered) was carried out. Substrate, stored compounds (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHA and internal carbohydrates), ammonia and oxygen uptake rate (OUR) were analytically determined. Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) was(More)
Till now the role of storage in activated sludge processes under transient conditions has been deeply investigated under anaerobic (EBPR processes) or aerobic (bulking control) environments. Little attention has been given to the role of storage in processes including anoxic environments. Hence, the aim of the present work was to investigate the anoxic(More)
This study investigates the anaerobic treatment of an industrial wastewater from a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process in a continuous-flow packed-bed biofilm reactor operated under mesophilic conditions (35 degrees C). The considered synthetic wastewater has an overall chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration of around 28g/L, mainly due to alcohols. A gradual(More)
A pure culture of Thiothrix strain CT3 has been aerobically cultured under periodic acetate feeding in a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) at volumetric organic load rate of 0.12gCODL(-1)d(-1). Two different culture residence times (12d or 20d) were adopted as well as two different feed frequencies (1 and 4d(-1), for each culture residence time), the(More)