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Investigations on phlebotomine sandflies in Tseikuru, Kitui District, Kenya were carried out to determine the vectors of Leishmania major. Sandflies were trapped from animal burrows over a period of one year using castor oil-smeared sticky traps. Nineteen phlebotomine sandfly species were identified and their prevalence in this habitat determined.(More)
Effects of permethrin-treated screens on the sand fly, Phlebotomus martini Parrot, a vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya, were evaluated after the eighth treatment. Screens treated with 0.50 g/m2 of permethrin 20% emulsifiable concentrate were fitted inside houses and re-treated every 6 mo from August 1989 to December 1993. Before application of the(More)
Control of phlebotomine sandflies remains a difficult problem throughout the world because of the insects' very highly specialized breeding sites. Use of insecticides remains one effective methods for managing sandflies. The present studies were conducted to establish how long permethrin impregnated wall cloth remains effective against sandflies. Cotton(More)
Adults of phlebotomine sandflies were collected from natural and man-made habitats in Sandai area of Baringo district using sticky and CDC light traps. Three sandfly species belongings to the Phlebotomus genus and eight species belonging to the Sergentomyia genus were recorded in the area. These flies fall into "perennial" group as they appeared to breed(More)
A study on the flight range of phlebotomine sandflies using the mark-release-recapture technique was undertaken in Marigat, Baringo District, Kenya, to determine the distance sandflies are able to travel and assess their importance in disease transmission. Over a period of 17 months, a total of 108,429 sandflies collected from their natural habitats were(More)
A total of 4,467 phlebotomine sandflies representing nine species and two genera were collected using polythene material coated with castor oil in three vegetation types in Marigat area from February to May 1986. Sandfly relative abundance was greatest in the closed-canopy forest (61% of total catch), followed by the open-canopy woodland (38%) and the(More)
Host preference of wild caught phlebotomine sandflies was studied in Marigat, Baringo District, Kenya, an endemic focus for both Leishmania donovani Laveran & Mensel and L. major Yakimov & Schokhov using precipitin test of blood meals. Sandflies of the Phlebotomus Rondani & Berte and Sergentomyia Franc & Parrot genera were encountered blood fed and resting(More)
Insecticide-impregnated screens and bednets are gradually finding wider use in malaria control programmes. The efficacy of these devices is dependent on the method of application, the acceptability by the people and effectiveness of the insecticide used. The present studies were carried out to determine the duration of the effectiveness of a(More)
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