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Recent neurophysiological findings in relation to thalamocortical mechanisms for sensory processing, together with established anatomical and expanding functional evidence, have provided a rational theoretical framework for the interpretation of normal and abnormal EEG rhythmic activities. This perspective is integrated here with earlier animal studies(More)
Two issues concerning sensorimotor EEG operant conditioning, or biofeedback, as a therapeutic modality for the treatment of seizure disorders are the focus of this review. The first relates to the question of whether relevant physiological changes are associated with this procedure. This question is addressed through review of an extensive(More)
The incidence of apnea and periodic breathing was studied in full-term infants between birth and 6 months of age. Apnea was defined as a pause equal to or exceeding six seconds, periodic breathing as two cessations of breathing within a 20-second period, each equal to or longer than three seconds but less than six seconds. Sleep and cardiopulmonary(More)
A slow-wave electroencephalographic rhythm recorded from the sensorimotor cortex of the waking cat has been correlated behaviorally with the suppression of movement. Facilitation of this rhythm through conditioning selectively enhances a similar pattern recorded during sleep, the familiar spindle burst. The training also produced longer epochs of(More)
Topographic EEG spectral magnitudes from 19 cortical sites were compared in 15 adult male subjects during performance of a simulated flight task and during control conditions which attempted to separately evaluate functional components of this task. Four conditions were studied, including eyes closed, a visual control, a motor control and a simulated(More)
This review provides an updated overview of the neurophysiological rationale, basic and clinical research literature, and current methods of practice pertaining to clinical neurofeedback. It is based on documented findings, rational theory, and the research and clinical experience of the authors. While considering general issues of physiology, learning(More)
Seventeen infants with unexplained prolonged apnea that has been designated near-miss sudden infant death syndrome were monitored for sleep and cardiorespiratory variables during a 12-hour, all-night recording session. Infants were matched for gestational age, sex, and age at recording with control infants. Respiratory variables studied included respiratory(More)