M. Barrier

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There are thousands of environmental chemicals for which there is limited toxicological information, motivating the development and application of in vitro systems to profile the biological effects of xenobiotic exposure and predict their potential developmental hazard. An adherent cell differentiation and cytotoxicity (ACDC) assay was developed using(More)
We present the BioMediator (www.biomediator.org) system and the process of executing queries on it. The system was designed as a tool for posing queries across semantically and syntactically heterogeneous data particularly in the biological arena. We use examples from researchers at the University of Washington, and the University of Missouri-Columbia, to(More)
Mature microRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded RNA molecules of 17-24 nucleotides (nt) in length that are encoded in the genomes of plants and animals. The seminal discoveries of miRNA made in C. elegans have led the way to the rampant discoveries being made today in this field. Since each miRNA is predicted and in some cases confirmed to regulate multiple(More)
It has been estimated that about 30% of the genes in the human genome are regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). These are short RNA sequences that can down-regulate the levels of mRNAs or proteins in animals and plants. Genes regulated by miRNAs are called targets. Typically, methods for target prediction are based solely on sequence data and on the structure(More)
Hyperthermia (HS) and 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4CP) activate the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in day 9 mouse embryos. Previous microarray analyses Microarray analyses revealed that several p53 target genes are upregulated after exposure to HS or 4CP, suggesting a role for p53 in teratogen-induced apoptosis. To explore the role of p53, we assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common human birth defects, with a prevalence of approximately 1 in 1000 live births in the United States. In animal studies, deletion of p53 leads to a significant increase in embryos that exhibit exencephaly. Whereas several studies have closely investigated the morphologic changes of p53-deficient(More)
An adherent cell differentiation and cytotoxicity (ACDC) assay was developed using pluripotent J1 mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). Adherent mESCs were used to evaluate chemical-induced effects on both stem cell viability and differentiation using an in-cell western technique after a 9-day culture. DRAQ5/Sapphire700 stains were used to quantify cell(More)
Teratogen-induced alterations in gene expression play an important role in the genesis of malformations in animals. The recent development of DNA microarrays now offers the opportunity to monitor global changes in gene expression and therefore the potential to obtain significant new information concerning both normal and abnormal development. RNA was(More)
The objective of this presentation is to review the major proteomic technologies available to developmental toxicologists and, when possible, to provide examples of how various proteomic technologies have been used in developmental toxicology or toxicology in general. The field of proteomics is too broad for us to go into great depth about each technology,(More)
BACKGROUND It is well known that a variety of teratogens induce neural tube defects in animals; however, less is known about proteins that play a role in protecting embryos from teratogen-induced neural tube defects. Previously, our laboratory has shown that embryos overexpressing the 70-Da heat shock proteins (HSPs) Hspa1a and Hspa1b were partially(More)
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