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BACKGROUND Pharmacological treatment for diabetic polyneuropathy (DP) has shown limited benefit; frequency-modulated electrical stimulation (FREMS) has shown positive results in pain control and nerve conduction velocity in DP. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of FREMS vs transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on the release of vascular(More)
The presence of dysautonomia in diabetic neuropathy is correlated with impairment of vasomotor activity that drives blood microcirculation. Microcirculation, in turn, plays an important role in thermoregulation. In this work, we investigate the changes between two different physiological conditions of diabetic patients, induced by FREMS application, in the(More)
UNLABELLED We analyzed gastrin, PTH, and calcitonin responses to oral calcium and peptones in hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, mild primary hyperparathyroidism, and normal controls. We observed diverse hormonal responses that may help in the differential diagnosis of these conditions. INTRODUCTION Hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (HH) is consequent to(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) has been detected in human antral gastrin-secreting cells, where, upon calcium and/or amino acid allosteric activation, it stimulates gastrin secretion. Patients with absorptive hypercalciuria (AH) display an enhanced gastric acid output; therefore, we evaluated the secretion of gastrin in subjects with AH (30 subjects(More)
Synchronized oscillation of smooth muscle cells tension in arterioles is the main control system of microvascular skin blood flow. An important autogenic vasomotion activity is recognized in 0.1Hz oscillations through power spectrum analysis of laser Doppler flowmetry. Severe dysautonomia in diabetic neuropathy is correlated with loss of 0.1Hz vasomotor(More)
AIM Changes in the amplitude of Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) may reflect variations in the characteristics of the largely monosynaptic circuitry that is explored and are a possible target for diagnostic and physical therapeutic intervention. However, previous attempts to induce predictable changes in the H-reflex amplitude by transcutaneous electrical nervous(More)
Introduction. Periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMs) is common in the elderly. When quality-of-life drops due to sleep disturbances, we speak about periodic limb movement disorder during sleep (PLMD). Another similar disorder, restless legs syndrome (RLS), is considered to be related to diabetes; RLS and PLMDs are genetically related. Our aim was to(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic dyslipidemia is characterized by greater triglyceridation of all lipoproteins and low levels of plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). In this condition, the serum level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is only slightly elevated. The central role of decreased serum HDL-C level in diabetic cardiovascular(More)
The lipid triad is the association of small, dense (sd) low-density lipoprotein (LDL), low high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and hypertriglyceridemia, all of which play a role in coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. Although statins have demonstrated clear positive effects on cardiovascular morbidity/mortality in patients with diabetes(More)
In their work Gilio et al. (2008) investigate the mechanisms involved in the regulation of excitability of the cortex in epileptic subjects, and in particular their epileptogenic threshold. Authors propose an experimental strategy established on the following assumptions: 1) Most of the authors consider that epileptogenic foci are expression of cortex(More)