M. Barhoumi

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Invertebrate stages of Leishmania are capable of genetic exchange during their extracellular growth and development in the sand fly vector. Here we explore two variables: the ability of diverse L. major strains from across its natural range to undergo mating in pairwise tests; and the timing of the appearance of hybrids and their developmental stage(More)
Three amplicons, appearing in a species-specific manner on the electrophoregrams of RAPD reactions that were obtained with primer OPA1, OPA1-800, OPA1- 900, and OPA1-1200, are analyzed in this study. The study revealed that each of these products is composed of one Leishmania DNA band, taxonomically conserved among the different Old World species studied.(More)
Genetic exchange between Leishmania major strains during their development in the sand fly vector has been experimentally shown. To investigate the possibility of genetic exchange between different Leishmania species, a cutaneous strain of L. major and a visceral strain of Leishmania infantum, each bearing a different drug-resistant marker, were used to(More)
LeIF, a Leishmania protein similar to the eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4A, which is a prototype of the DEAD box protein family, was originally described as a Th1-type natural adjuvant and as an antigen that induces an IL12-mediated Th1 response in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of leishmaniasis patients. This study aims to characterize this(More)
Leishmania eukaryotic initiation factor (LeIF) antigen, a Leishmania protein, was shown to induce IL-12, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) production by human monocytes-derived macrophages and dendritic cells from healthy individuals. This cytokine-inducing activity was previously found to be located in the amino-terminal region of LeIF protein.(More)
The leishmaniases constitute neglected global public health problems that require adequate control measures, prophylactic clinical vaccines and effective and non-toxic drug treatments. In this study, we explored the potential of Leishmania infantum eukaryotic initiation factor (LieIF), an exosomal protein, as a novel anti-infective therapeutic molecule.(More)
Previously we showed that His-tagged, recombinant, Leishmania infantum eukaryotic initiation factor (LeIF) was both an RNA-dependent ATPase and an ATP-dependent RNA helicase in vitro, as described for other members of the DEAD-box helicase family. In addition, we showed that LeIF induces the production of IL-12, IL-10, and TNF-α by human monocytes. This(More)
PURPOSE To compare chemoradiation with systemic chemotherapy to chemotherapy alone in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred and nineteen patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, with World Health Organization performance status of zero to two were randomly assigned to either the induction chemoradiation group (60(More)
BACKGROUND K+ and Na+ channel toxins constitute a large set of polypeptides, which interact with their ion channel targets. These polypeptides are classified in two different structural groups. Recently a new structural group called birtoxin-like appeared to contain both types of toxins has been described. We hypothesized that peptides of this group may(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) maturation is associated with upregulation of costimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86, CD40) and secretion of cytokines including IL-12 which is important for generation of effective T cells. Proteins of Leishmania parasite that stimulate the production of IL-12 could be of significant interest either as immunotherapeutic components for(More)