M. Barbara Silver-Thorn

Learn More
Over the last decade, numerous experimental and numerical analyses have been conducted to investigate the stress distribution between the residual limb and prosthetic socket of persons with lower limb amputation. The objectives of these analyses have been to improve our understanding of the residual limb/prosthetic socket system, to evaluate the influence(More)
In vivo rate-controlled indentation tests were conducted on the soft tissues of the residual limbs of five individuals with trans-tibial amputation and the right calf of five nonamputees. Force relaxation trials were also conducted. The cyclic indentation tests indicated that the bulk soft tissue response to compressive load is nonlinear and rate-dependent.(More)
A tissue tester was designed to enable rate-controlled indentation of the bulk soft tissues of lower extremity residual limbs. The tissue tester employs a digital linear actuator that implements rate-controlled indentation, and a load cell that measures the reaction force resulting from tissue indentation. Viscoelastic phenomena such as preconditioning,(More)
Axisymmetric nonlinear finite-element analysis was used to simulate force-relaxation and creep data obtained during in vivo indentation of the residual limb soft tissues of six individuals with trans-tibial amputation [1]. The finite-element models facilitated estimation of an appropriate set of nonlinear viscoelastic material coefficients of extended(More)
The interface stresses between the residual limb and prosthetic socket have been studied to investigate prosthetic fit. Finite-element models of the residual limb-prosthetic socket interface facilitate investigation of the mechanical interface and may serve as a potential tool for future prosthetic socket design. However, the success of such residual limb(More)
A finite element (FE) model of the below-knee residual limb and prosthetic socket was created to investigate the effects of parameter variations on the interface stress distribution during static stance. This model was based upon geometric approximations of anthropometric residual limb geometry. The model was not specific to an individual with amputation,(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the sensory changes in adults with unilateral transtibial amputation (TTA), as any loss of sensation may have significant impact on the successful use of a prosthesis. Sensory modalities of light touch, deep pressure, vibration, and superficial pain (pinprick) were examined on the residual and contralateral limbs of(More)
Finite element (FE) analysis was used to investigate the stress distribution between the residual limb and prosthetic socket of persons with transtibial amputation (TTA). The purpose of this study was to develop a tool to provide a quantitative estimate of prosthetic interface pressures to improve our understanding of residual limb/prosthetic socket(More)
—This paper describes an upper division elective course in rehabilitation engineering that addresses prosthetics and orthotics, wheelchair design, seating and positioning, and automobile modifications for individuals with disabilities. Faculty lectures are enhanced by guest lectures and class field trips. Guest lecturers include a prosthetist and a lower(More)
Vertical tooth root fractures are diagnostically challenging, frustrating, and an increasingly common cause of failure of tooth restoration. These vertical root fractures have been associated with many causes, including the endodontic process itself. To investigate these endodontic causes, various phases of crown replacement for an anterior tooth were(More)