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Additional neurological features have recently been described in seven families transmitting pathogenic mutations in OPA1, the most common cause of autosomal dominant optic atrophy. However, the frequency of these syndromal 'dominant optic atrophy plus' variants and the extent of neurological involvement have not been established. In this large multi-centre(More)
BACKGROUND Rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene cause severe obesity. Common polymorphisms of LEP have been associated with obesity, but their association with cardiovascular disease has been little studied. We have examined the impact of both common and rare polymorphisms of the LEP gene on blood pressure (BP), subclinical atherosclerosis as measured by(More)
Thermal injury (30-s immersion in water at 62 degrees C) of one hind limb of rats caused a gradual withdrawal of the limb from use, such that after 1 week 50% of the animals walked on three legs. At 24 h following thermal lesion and at a time when the lesioned paw was still used for walking there was a reduction in met- and leu-enkephalin content in the(More)
Eleven patients with progressive weakness following polio (postpoliomyelitis muscular atrophy syndrome) were compared electromyographically with nine patients who had stable strength following polio. Abnormalities included (1) abnormal motor unit characteristics in many muscles indicating widespread loss of motor neurons and reinnervation in muscles,(More)
Four patients with primary writing tremor had a focal, task-specific tremor that responded to anticholinergic drugs. Physiologic features included EMG activity alternating in antagonist muscles, 5- to 20-microV cerebral potentials evoked by stretch of pronator teres, and no C-reflexes. Another patient had myoclonic jerks of the forearm on attempts to write(More)
A 64-year-old man had right-sided persistent hemiballismus. Cerebral computed tomography (CT) and 0.5-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed no abnormalities, but 1.5-T MRI showed decreased signal intensity of the putamina, greater on the left than on the right. The subthalamic area was normal on CT and MRI. Positron emission tomography with(More)
Skin potential levels and EEG changes were recorded in eight psychiatric patients during three nights of sleep. In a balanced design each patient took amylobarbitone sodium 200 mg, chlordiazepoxide 30 mg and placebo in turn. Skin potential did not distinguish between wakefulness and sleep as measured by the EEG nor did it clearly identify individual sleep(More)
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