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Schizophrenia is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder to which an as-yet-unknown number of genes contribute, interacting with each other and the environment. Linkage analyses have implicated several chromosomal regions as harboring schizophrenia susceptibility loci although rarely at levels commensurate with proposed thresholds for genome-wide significance.(More)
A number of linkage studies have previously implicated the region of chromosome 13q34 in schizophrenia. Chumakov and colleagues (2002) identified a gene complex called G72 (now termed D-amino acid oxidase activator: DAOA)/G30 in this region and performed association analyses of the DAOA/G30 as well as the D-amino-acid oxidase (DAAO) gene with schizophrenia.(More)
Height is a classic complex trait with common variants in a growing list of genes known to contribute to the phenotype. Using a genecentric genotyping array targeted toward cardiovascular-related loci, comprising 49,320 SNPs across approximately 2000 loci, we evaluated the association of common and uncommon SNPs with adult height in 114,223 individuals from(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a nerve growth factor that has been implicated in the neurobiology of depression. Our group has previously reported an association between a BDNF variant and childhood-onset mood disorder (COMD) in an adult sample from Pittsburgh. We hypothesize that variants at the BDNF locus are associated with COMD. Six BDNF(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder with a large genetic component that has been shown to persist into adulthood in 30-60% of childhood ADHD cases. Adult ADHD confers an increased risk of ADHD in relatives when compared to childhood ADHD, possibly due to a greater genetic liability than the childhood form.(More)
OBJECTIVE To use the rs1229984 variant in the alcohol dehydrogenase 1B gene (ADH1B) as an instrument to investigate the causal role of alcohol in cardiovascular disease. DESIGN Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis of 56 epidemiological studies. PARTICIPANTS 261 991 individuals of European descent, including 20 259 coronary heart disease cases and 10(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified many SNPs underlying variations in plasma-lipid levels. We explore whether additional loci associated with plasma-lipid phenotypes, such as high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TGs), can be identified by a(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic psychiatric condition in children and follow up studies have indicated that one to two thirds of patients continue to suffer from ADHD during late adolescence and adulthood. Pharmacological interventions, such as the new selective noradrenergic reuptake inhibitor, atomoxetine, suggest the(More)
AIMS To investigate the causal role of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides in coronary heart disease (CHD) using multiple instrumental variables for Mendelian randomization. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed weighted allele scores based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with established associations with HDL-C,(More)
Despite the recent success of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in identifying loci consistently associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), a large proportion of the genetic components of CAD and its metabolic risk factors, including plasma lipids, type 2 diabetes and body mass index, remain unattributed. Gene-gene and gene-environment(More)