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Traditional and immunohistochemical markers of prognosis were examined in 455 mammary carcinomas derived from breast cancer screening and compared with those of 277 carcinomas presenting symptomatically over the same period. Tumours detected by population screening under the U.K. National Health Service Programme do not differ from those detected by other(More)
The aim of this study was to measure multidrug resistance (MDR) by flow cytometry and quantify the expression of P-glycoprotein (using antibody) glutathione transferase (using alpha-GSTpi antibody) in alpha-JSB-1 and alpha-GSTpi of a series of cell lines and primary breast cancers, and to assess the relationship between these MDR proteins and a selection of(More)
We describe a case of late perforation of the right internal mammary vein by a central venous catheter inserted via the left subclavian vein. This resulted in extravasation of parenteral nutritional fluid and breast abscess formation. Delay in reaching the diagnosis was experienced in this case and in two cases previously reported. The clinical presentation(More)
A prospective study of 444 consecutive patients diagnosed as having acute appendicitis was carried out in a district general hospital. The appendix was acutely inflamed, gangrenous, or perforated in 346 patients. Diagnostic error, 22% overall, was twice as common in females as in males. Organisms were isolated from the outer appendix wall in 117 patients,(More)
Between August 1988 and July 1990, 17,678 women in the Gateshead, Sunderland, South Tyneside and Durham districts attended the national breast screening programme. A total of 131 cancers were detected. The morphology of cancers detected by screening was compared with that of tumours in 71 patients presenting clinically in the same period. Screen-detected(More)
Twenty eight patients with colonic cancer, who were asymptomatic after intestinal resection and anastomosis, underwent colonoscopy as part of their routine follow up, and biopsies were obtained from the anastomosis and several other sites. Sections were stained by haematoxylin and eosin, several methods for mucin, and by the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method(More)
Transition from a normal to a cancerous state is marked by alterations in the cytoskeletal structure of those cells involved. We have examined such changes to determine if these transitions are markers of disease progression. Cytokeratin (CK) protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression were examined in malignant and benign breast tissues. Flow cytometric(More)
This was a non-randomised single institution retrospective study. Forty-six banked frozen tumour specimens were obtained from a group of patients who had undergone 3 weeks of neoadjuvant treatment with tamoxifen between biopsy and surgery. Fifty-one comparison specimens were randomly selected from a group of concomitantly treated primary breast cancer(More)
Variable length codes offer advantages for data compression, but are susceptible to loss of synchronization if a bit error occurs. This can be mitigated by the use of variable length codes with specific mechanisms for resynchronization. Such mechanisms exist in the codes known as Huffman Equivalent (HE) codes and T-codes. These have been extensively studied(More)