The development and usage of safe cell systems for testing agents which possess anti-HIV activity is a very important factor in the design of new drugs. We have described in detail a system we designed that is based on lentiviral vectors (Prokofjeva et. al.,Antiviral Therapy,in print) for swift and completely safe screening of potential HIV-1 replication… (More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 integrase is one of the most attractive targets for the development of anti-HIV-1 inhibitors. The capacity of a series of 2,1,3-benzoxadiazoles (benzofurazans) and their N-oxides (benzofuroxans) selected using the PASS software to inhibit the catalytic activity of HIV-1 integrase was studied in the present work. Only the… (More)
The HIV-1 integrase enzyme is responsible for one of the key stages of retroviral replication; it acts as a catalyst for the integration of viral cDNA into the cell's genome. Inhibitors of HIV-1 integration have been under development for over 10 years; yet, only one integration inhibitor, raltegravir, has been approved for clinical use so far. Raltegravir… (More)
Due to their ability to integrate into the host cell's genome, retroviruses represent an optimal basis for the creation of gene therapy vectors. The integration reaction is carried out by a viral enzyme integrase: thus, a detailed research of this enzyme is required. In this work, the catalytic properties of human foamy virus integrase were studied. This… (More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is known to use the transcriptional machinery of the host cell for viral gene transcription, and the only viral protein that partakes in this process is Tat, the viral trans-activator of transcription. During acute infection, the binding of Tat to the hairpin at the beginning of the transcribed viral RNA recruits the… (More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is among the best-studied viruses, but some aspects of HIV-1 biology remain obscure. The role of cell proteins in virus replication raises especially many questions. One of the proteins is DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), which performs crucially important functions in the human body. DNA-PK is known to… (More)
Integration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) DNA into the genome of an infected cell is one of the key steps in the viral replication cycle. The viral enzyme integrase (IN), which catalyzes the integration, is an attractive target for the development of new antiviral drugs. However, the HIV-1 therapy often results in the IN gene mutations inducing… (More)
New nucleic base derivatives were obtained by alkylation of uracil, thymine, cytosine, adenine, 6-chloropurine, and 2-amino-6-chloropurine with 5-chloro-1-(4-halogenophenyl)-1-pentanones, and their physical and chemical properties were studied. The influence of the compounds synthesized on the HIV-1 integrase activity was studied.