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We describe the isolation and characterization of a cDNA encoding the alpha subunit of a new voltage-sensitive sodium channel, microI, from rat skeletal muscle. The 1840 amino acid microI peptide is homologous to alpha subunits from rat brain, but, like the protein from eel electroplax, lacks an extended (approximately 200) amino acid segment between(More)
Rat brain cDNA and genomic clones encoding three K+ channels, Kv1, Kv2, and Kv3, have been isolated by screening with Shaker probes and encode proteins of 602, 530, and 525 amino acids. Each of the deduced protein sequences contains six hydrophobic domains (including an S4-type region characteristic of many voltage-gated channels) and are 68%-72% identical(More)
Noxious stimulation of the tail of Aplysia californica produces behavioral sensitization; it enhances several related defensive reflexes. This reflex enhancement involves heterosynaptic facilitation of transmitter release from sensory neurons of the reflex. The facilitation is stimulated by serotonin (5-HT) and involves suppression of a 5-HT-sensitive K+(More)
Several factors that affect the suitability of opticaL methods for monitoring neuron activity were evaluated in several species of gastropod molluscs. The mean cell body diameter and the total number of cells in the central nervous system were determined In 6 preparations and qualitative evaluations were made for an additional 25 species. There was a factor(More)
Gap junctions between myometrial cells increase dramatically during the final stages of pregnancy. To study the functional consequences, we have applied the double-whole-cell voltage-clamp technique to freshly isolated pairs of cells from rat circular and longitudinal myometrium. Junctional conductance was greater between circular muscle-cell pairs from(More)
The dramatic enhancement of smooth-muscle excitability in the uterus which occurs at oestrus and at term in pregnant rats is closely related to increased blood oestrogen concentrations. How oestrogen alters the electrical properties of myometrial cells is unclear, although electrical coupling between cells has been shown to increase. Many examples are known(More)
Estrogen causes dramatic long-term changes in the activity of the uterus. Here we report the molecular cloning of a small (700 base) uterine mRNA species capable of inducing a slow K+ current in Xenopus oocytes. The 130 amino acid protein encoded by this mRNA species has a predicted structure that does not resemble that of previously described(More)
Under the influence of estrogen, uterine smooth muscle becomes highly excitable, generating spontaneous and prolonged bursts of action potentials. In a study of the mechanisms by which this transition in excitability occurs, polyadenylated RNA from the uteri of estrogen-treated rats was injected into Xenopus oocytes. The injected oocytes expressed a novel(More)
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