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The present study was designed to explore the relationship between the cannabinoid and opioid receptors in animal models of opioid-induced reinforcement. The acute administration of SR141716A, a selective central cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, blocked heroin self-administration in rats, as well as morphine-induced place preference and morphine(More)
Recent reports have provided evidence of a link between the endogenous brain cannabinoid system and the endogenous central opioid systems. Here we report that the selective CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A induced behavioral and endocrine alterations associated with opiate withdrawal in morphine-dependent animals in a dose-dependent manner and that(More)
Marijuana and its cannabinoid constituents have profound effects on anterior pituitary hormone secretion. Exposure to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits gonadotropin, prolactin, growth hormone, and thyroid-stimulating hormone release and stimulates the release of corticotropin. Consequently, cannabinoid exposure could have profound effects on the(More)
Acute exposure to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive constituent of marijuana, produces a well-characterized set of neuroendocrine effects. The recent description of both brain cannabinoid receptors (CB-1) and anandamide, their proposed endogenous ligand, has renewed the interest in cannabinoid actions in the brain. However, the(More)
The aim of this work was to analyse the evolution of the ubiquitin-proteasome, the myogenic regulatory factors, and the IGF-I system during the development of experimental arthritis. Arthritis was induced by adjuvant injection and rats were killed 10, 15 and 22 days later. Gastrocnemius was progressively atrophied in arthritic rats. Arthritis induced a(More)
Endocrine side effects of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine (CyA) include changes in anterior pituitary hormone secretion. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of CyA on the responsiveness of in situ and ectopic anterior pituitary prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) release response to dopamine (DA) and(More)
Melatonin administration to pituitary-grafted male and female rats resulted in a marked decrease of previously high plasma prolactin levels, while an increase in prolactin levels was observed in sham-operated controls. The latter effect was significant only in males. Treatment with melatonin did not modify basal LH hormone levels or LH responses to(More)
Animal models have revealed that psychoactive cannabinoids induce both anxiolytic and anxiety-like reactions which are dose- and context-dependent. In the present study we examined the acute actions of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716A in both the defensive withdrawal test and the elevated plus-maze in rats. Acute administration of SR(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian rhythms shift out of phase after transmeridian flights. Desynchronization between body rhythms and the environment is linked to jet lag, which depends on age, flight direction, and number of time zones crossed. METHODS To investigate this problem in airline pilots, we performed a multivariate analysis of their circadian systems during(More)
CB1 cannabinoid receptors are located in hypothalamic nuclei and their activation alters several hypothalamic neurotransmitters resulting in, among other things, decreased prolactin (PRL) and luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion from the anterior pituitary gland. In the present study, we addressed two related objectives to further explore this complex(More)