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Human resilience has been described as the capability of living in a satisfactory and socially acceptable way with positive affects in spite of present or past stress or trauma. Although it is usually described in non-clinical populations , the concept of resilience might be useful for understanding occurrence of some psychopathological states such as… (More)
This paper provides an account of current teaching of behavior therapy at the Psychological Clinic at Cochin-Port-Royal Medical School in Paris. It discusses the kinds of trainees, and the organization and contents of the course, noting its emphasis on behavior analysis. It is only recently that behavior therapy has begun to be recognized as a major… (More)
Behavior therapy has used techniques of behavior modification based on the paradigm of operant conditioning to diminish some of the difficulties of communication present in schizophrenic patients. Individual programmes, then ward programs, have been applied to chronically institutionalized patients. They have emphasized the role of reinforcement and of… (More)
Behaviour therapies have appeared to be especially efficient for reducing unreasonable fears and phobias. All the various methods used in phobic neuroses refer to cognitive factors. They are preceded by a detailed behaviour analysis. They are practiced either in imagination or in vivo. Most authors report that relatively few sessions are necessary to obtain… (More)
In France, beginning with 1946, the method of Ivanov-Smolenski was used to study schizophrenia, but after 1957, sensory conditioning procedures have been employed (EEG sound-light, evoked potentials in children, SAE conditioning in adults) and more recently eye blink and operant conditioning.