M A el Alamy

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We report the preliminary findings of a comprehensive schistosomiasis survey in the Qalyub region of the Nile Delta. A systematic sample of households in eight villages was studied, and 8,712 individuals submitted stool and urine specimens for parasitologic examinations. The prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection (40.5%) was much higher than that(More)
To determine whether the sharply declining Schistosoma haematobium infection rates in parts of the Nile Delta could be generalized to the entire region, and to update the status of S. mansoni infection rates, a large scale survey was undertaken in 1983 in 70 of the 71 districts of the Nile Delta. In a house-to-house survey, greater than 91% of the sample(More)
In Egypt, bladder cancer incidence is high in areas where the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infection is also high. Experimental evidence shows bladder carcinogenesis to be a multi-stage process which can be accelerated by many factors. N-nitroso compounds, some of which are known bladder carcinogens, can be formed from amine(More)
A village, 20 miles north of Cairo, with a census population of 2010, was surveyed in 1976 by the Center of Disease Control (CDC) and the Egyptian Ministry of Health for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Ninety individuals (47 males and 43 females were positive for HBsAg (a prevalence rate of 4.5%). Forty-two of the 47 males were the subject of this(More)
The 50-mg Kato thick smear was modified by using stainless steel templates which deliver 20 mg of stools accurately; fecal material can thus be processed in the field and the smears cleared within 15 minutes. The counts obtained from the 20-mg quick Kato were proportional to those obtained by the 50-mg thick smear.
Immune responsiveness of schistosomiasis patients was assayed longitudinally, before and for two years after chemotherapeutic treatment with praziquantel, by in vitro peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMN) proliferation upon exposure to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), or soluble schistosomal antigenic preparations from eggs (SEA), adult worms (SWAP) or(More)
Three hundred twenty-four individuals in a farming village located in the Nile Delta of Egypt were serially tested for hepatitis markers and Schistosoma mansoni to determine whether there is an increased risk of hepatitis B in persons infected with schistosomiasis. One-half of the subjects had stools positive for S. mansoni. Thirty-seven percent of the(More)
Cell mediated immune reactivity of chronic schistosomiasis patients was tested in vitro by peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMN) responses against phytohemagglutinin P (PHA), Candida albicans extract, soluble schistosomal antigenic preparations derived from eggs (SEA), adult worms (SWAP) and cercariae (CAP), before and after treatment of the patients(More)
The prevalence of trachoma in school children and ophthalmological patients in rural villages of the Qalyub Governorate of Egypt was determined by clinical and laboratory diagnostic procedures and reported as mild, moderate, or severe according to the WHO classification scheme. Of 777 primary school students examined in 3 villages, 204 (26%) had clinically(More)
A longitudinal investigation of the health effects and reservoirs of Giardia was undertaken during 1984-1985 in 40 households located in the rural Nile Delta region of Egypt. Stool specimens obtained once weekly for six months from 2-4-year-old children were cyst- or trophozoite-positive in 42% of the 724 examined. Only one child remained Giardia-negative(More)