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Disrupted energy metabolism, in particular reduced activity of cytochrome oxidase (EC, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (EC and pyruvate dehydrogenase (EC have been reported in post-mortem Alzheimer's disease brain. beta-Amyloid is strongly implicated in Alzheimer's pathology and can be formed intracellularly in neurones. We have(More)
Beta-amyloid deposition and compromised energy metabolism both occur in vulnerable brain regions in Alzheimer's disease. It is not known whether beta-amyloid is the cause of impairment of energy metabolism, nor whether impaired energy metabolism is specific to neurons. Our results, using primary neuronal cultures, show that 24-h incubation with A(More)
Cytokine-stimulated astrocytes produce nitric oxide (NO), which, along with its metabolite peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), can inhibit components of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. We used astrocytes as a source of NO/ONOO(-) and monitored the effects on neurons in coculture. We previously demonstrated that astrocytic NO/ONOO(-) causes significant damage to(More)
Thimerosal generates ethylmercury in aqueous solution and is widely used as preservative. We have investigated the toxicology of Thimerosal in normal human astrocytes, paying particular attention to mitochondrial function and the generation of specific oxidants. We find that ethylmercury not only inhibits mitochondrial respiration leading to a drop in the(More)
Cancer cells display an increased demand for glucose. Therefore, identifying the specific aspects of glucose metabolism that are involved in the pathogenesis of cancer may uncover novel therapeutic nodes. Recently, there has been a renewed interest in the role of the pentose phosphate pathway in cancer. This metabolic pathway is advantageous for rapidly(More)
The role of thimerosal containing vaccines in the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been an area of intense debate, as has the presence of mercury dental amalgams and fish ingestion by pregnant mothers. We studied the effects of thimerosal on cell proliferation and mitochondrial function from B-lymphocytes taken from individuals with autism,(More)
This study examined the correlation between nitric oxide (NO) metabolites in the three major body fluid compartments and assessed performance of newly described vanadium-based assay for simultaneous detection of nitrite and nitrate (NO(x)) in human samples. Vanadium reduces nitrate to nitrite, which can be measured after a colorimetric reaction with Griess(More)
The last major advance in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) was the introduction of temozolomide in 1999. Treatment with temozolomide following surgical debulking extends survival rate compared to radiotherapy and debulking alone. However, virtually all glioblastoma patients experience disease progression within 7 to 10 months. Although many(More)
We propose improvements to some of the best heuristic algorithms for optimal product pricing problem originally designed by Dobson and Kalish in the late 1980's and in the early 1990's. Our improvements are based on a detailed study of a fundamental decoupling structure of the underlying mixed integer programming (MIP) problem and on incorporating more(More)
Monoamine oxidases A and B (MAOA and MAOB) are highly expressed in many cancers. Here we investigated the level of MAOB in gliomas and confirmed its high expression. We found that MAOB levels correlated with tumor grade and hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HiF-1α) expression. HiF-1α was localized to the nuclei in high-grade gliomas, but it was primarily(More)