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OBJECTIVE This study explores default-mode network (DMN) abnormalities in patients with secondary progressive (SP) and primary progressive (PP) multiple sclerosis (MS) and whether such abnormalities correlate with cognitive impairment and damage to selected white matter (WM) fiber bundles, quantified using diffusion tensor (DT) MRI tractography. METHODS(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive and simultaneous degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons. The pathological process associated to ALS, albeit more pronounced in the motor/premotor cortices and along the corticospinal tracts (CST), does not spare extra-motor brain gray (GM) and white(More)
Although fatigue is a common and troublesome symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), its pathogenesis is poorly understood. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test whether a different pattern of movement-associated cortical and subcortical activations might contribute to the development of fatigue in patients with MS. We(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether neurological symptoms related to a specific axonal fiber tract in brain white matter were associated with a higher degree of tissue damage in that region, in patients at presentation with clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis. To this end, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
BACKGROUND Previous work has suggested that functional reorganization of cortical motor areas might have a role in limiting the motor deficits in patients with MS. OBJECTIVE To test whether movement-associated cortical changes in MS might extend beyond the "classic" motor areas and involve sites for multimodal integration. METHODS fMRI was used to(More)
OBJECTIVE This study correlated the extent of abnormalities detected by different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques [proton density (PD)-weighted, T1-weighted, and magnetization transfer imaging (MTI)] with the overall cognitive, frontal lobe, and memory impairments in patients with MS. PATIENTS There were 30 clinically definite MS patients,(More)
In patients with ALS, conventional MR imaging is frequently noninformative, and its use has been restricted to excluding other conditions that can mimic ALS. Conversely, the extensive application of modern MR imaging-based techniques to the study of ALS has undoubtedly improved our understanding of disease pathophysiology and is likely to have a role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the temporal evolution of intrinsic tissue damage and atrophy in the cervical cord and the brain portion of the corticospinal tracts (CST) from patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS Conventional and diffusion tensor (DT) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical cord and brain were obtained from 17 ALS(More)
OBJECTIVE In this multicenter study, a new semiautomatic method for segmenting the cervical cord from C2 to C5 was used to investigate the correlation between cord atrophy and clinical disability in a large sample of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS T2 and 3-dimensional T1-weighted cervical cord scans and dual-echo brain scans were acquired(More)
BACKGROUND Different double inversion recovery (DIR) sequences are currently used in multiple sclerosis (MS) research centers to visualize cortical lesions, making it difficult to compare published data. This study aimed to formulate consensus recommendations for scoring cortical lesions in patients with MS, using DIR images acquired in 6 European centers(More)