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OBJECTIVES Evidence about sociodemographic factors associated with late attendance for antenatal care in the UK is of poor quality. This study aimed to identify any social or ethnic differences in access to antenatal care, and to quantify the effect of any such differences using data collected in a survey of women's experiences of antenatal screening. (More)
Linked statistics from hospital records and death certificates were used to study the incidence of and mortality from motor neuron disease in a defined English population. The incidence of motor neuron disease, measured as first-admission rates for the disease, was studied from 1963 to 1985 and death certificates for the patients admitted to hospital were(More)
OBJECTIVE Two recent studies indicate an increased risk of stillbirth in the pregnancy that follows a pregnancy delivered by caesarean section. In this study, we report an analysis designed to test the hypothesis that delivery by caesarean section is a risk factor for explained or unexplained stillbirth in any subsequent pregnancy. We also report on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate how pregnancy planning, time to conception, and infertility treatment influence cognitive development at ages 3 and 5. DESIGN Prospective population based cohort study. SETTING Millennium Cohort Study in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS 18,818 children recruited at 9 months and followed up at 3 and 5 years. 11,790 singletons(More)
Objective:To explore the long-term effects of women’s childbearing patterns on their body mass index.Design:Cross-sectional analysis.Setting:Population-based study of UK women.Participants:740 628 postmenopausal participants in the Million Women Study who reported their height, weight, reproductive histories and other relevant factors.Main Outcome(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether light drinking in pregnancy is linked to unfavourable developmental outcomes in children. DESIGN Prospective population-based cohort. SETTING UK. POPULATION Ten thousand five hundred and thirty-four 7-year-olds. METHODS Quasi-experimental using propensity score matching (PSM) to compare children born to light (up to 2(More)
Background/Objectives:We estimated the risk of infection associated with the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF).Subject/Methods:We analysed the data on 15 809 term, singleton infants from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Infants were grouped according to months of EBF: never, <2, 2–4, 4–6 and 6 (the latter being World Health Organisation (WHO) policy(More)
Background: Recent reports suggest an excess risk of asthma in children born after assisted reproductive treatment (ART). Using data from a large UK cohort we examine asthma in children born after infertility and ART.Methods: Children were recruited at 9months, and surveyed at 5 and 7years. Mothers reported pregnancy planning, time to conception (TTC) and(More)
Background and aims: Some studies have observed poorer cognitive development in children born late preterm (34-36 weeks gestation) and early term (37-38 weeks gestation). Few studies have measured school performance in these children. We compared school performance in children born at full term (39-41 weeks gestation) with those born early term, late(More)
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