M-A Ottenhof

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Starch was isolated from banana starch and the retrogradation phenomenon was studied using diverse techniques, including an enzymatic measurement. Wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) showed that the sample stored for 7 h presented small peaks and when the storage time increased the peaks increased in intensity. The type of diffraction pattern found in banana(More)
Brown-Norway rats, sensitized with trinitrophenyl (TNP) haptenized ovalbumin and AIPO4 as adjuvant 12 days before, were challenged with trinitrophenyl haptenized bovine serum albumin intravenously, while lung function (Vt, V, Ppl, Fres, Cdyn, and Rl) and cardiovascular function (BP and Fheart) were measured continuously. This resulted in a highly(More)
Dexamethasone (50 microgram/kg) significantly increased the LD50 of d-tubocurarine (d-TC) when administered i.p. simultaneously with d-TC. Choline (50 and 100 mg/kg) gave some protection against the lethal effects of d-TC and the cholinesterase inhibitors neostigmine (250 microgram/kg) and physostigmine (1000 microgram/kg) provided full protection against(More)
Five different types of antiallergic agents were studied using a newly developed method for inducing IgE-mediated bronchial and cardiovascular anaphylaxis in the rat. With the exception of the histamine H1 antagonist mepyramine (no activity at all), each antiallergic tested showed a different and characteristic profile of antiallergic activity. Prednisolone(More)
Starches were isolated from nonconventional sources (banana, mango, and okenia) and their characteristics were examined using polarized light microscopy, X-ray diffraction pattern, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Banana starch granules were of an ellipsoidal shape with size between approximately 8(More)
The effect of naloxone on a number of experimental shock models, using the anaesthetized rat, was studied with special emphasis on mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and chance of survival. Only a slight increase in MABP was noted in haemorrhagic shock models whereas survival was not affected. Naloxone was without effect in endotoxin shock (i.p.(More)
Exogenously administered, purified rat alpha 2 macroglobulin (alpha 2M, recognized as an acute phase reactant with anti-inflammatory properties) greatly inhibits the increase of the pulmonary resistance during the antigen-induced bronchoconstriction in rats in vivo, whereas a BaSO4 pretreatment (a method to induce a broad spectrum of serum acute phase(More)
A recently developed method for inducing fatal, IgE-mediated, bronchial and cardiovascular anaphylaxis in the rat was used to compare the effects of exogenously administered, purified alpha M-foetoprotein (alpha M FP) and BaSO4 pretreatment (as mean to induce an acute phase reaction with increased alpha M FP serum levels) with regard to mortality,(More)
Using a new method for inducing IgE-mediated, systemic anaphylaxis in the rat both prednisolone and ketotifen had been shown previously to be effective in suppressing the bronchial anaphylaxis in vivo. In order to study the mode of action underlying their bronchoprotective effect, both agents were also tested on the antigen-induced bronchoconstriction in(More)
A study has been made of the bronchospasmolytic actions of theophylline and some ot its N-7-substituted derivatives administered by i.v infusion in anaesthetized guinea pigs, in which experimental bronchial asthma was induced by i.v. administration of histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and bradykinin. Bronchoconstriction was measured as changes in tidal volume,(More)
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