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We evaluated myoblast implantation in 10 boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and absent dystrophin (age 5-10 years) who were implanted with 100 million myoblasts in the anterior tibial muscle of one leg and placebo in the other. Cyclosporine (5 mg/kg/day) was administered for 7 months. Pre- and postimplantation (after 1 and 6 months) muscle biopsies(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging and maps of T1 and T2 values were used to study muscle composition in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The mean T2 of anterior tibial muscle was 27 msec in healthy control subjects and 43 msec with increased fatty infiltration in DMD patients. In stronger DMD patients, the distribution of muscle T2 values was narrow, centered at(More)
The goals of this study were to investigate muscle fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to determine the relationships between muscle fatigue, clinical status, and perceived fatigue. The fatigability of the anterior tibial muscle was quantitated in patients and controls during 9 min of intermittent stimulation (used to eliminate central(More)
We investigated the effect of cyclosporine (CsA) on force generation in 15 boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) by obtaining monthly measures of tetanic force and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of both anterior tibial muscles. During 4 months of a natural history phase, both tetanic force and MVC declined significantly. During 8 weeks of CsA(More)
We investigated the mechanisms of muscle fatigue in ALS. In the muscles of ALS patients and healthy control subjects, we examined (1) fatigue using measurements of muscle force, (2) energy metabolism using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and (3) activation using neurophysiologic measures and MRI. During 25 minutes of intermittent isometric(More)
We used a 4-minute sustained maximum voluntary contraction to investigate fatigability of the anterior tibial muscle in eight healthy boys and 11 boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) (ages 5 to 10 years). Before exercise, the force generation of dystrophic muscle and the compound muscle action potential amplitude were lower and half-relaxation time(More)
To investigate anterior tibial muscle fatigability and metabolism in postpoliomyelitis syndrome patients and controls, we performed measurements of force and relaxation time, as well as 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy, during intermittent, low-intensity, isometric, voluntary exercise. Both maximum voluntary contraction and tetanic force declined(More)
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