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Homeostatic regulation of neutrophil production is thought to match neutrophil elimination to maintain approximately constant numbers in the blood. Here, we show that IL-17, a cytokine that regulates granulopoiesis through G-CSF, is made by gammadelta T cells and unconventional alphabeta T cells. These neutrophil-regulatory T cells (Tn) are expanded in mice(More)
We report the results of two studies examining the genetic overlap between schizophrenia and velocardiofacial syndrome. In study A, we characterize two interstitial deletions identified on chromosome 22q11 in a sample of schizophrenic patients. The size of the deletions was estimated to be between 1.5 and 2 megabases. In study B, we examine whether(More)
Immunotherapeutic drugs that mimic sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) disrupt lymphocyte trafficking and cause T helper and T effector cells to be retained in secondary lymphoid tissue and away from sites of inflammation. The prototypical therapeutic agent, 2-alkyl-2-amino-1,3-propanediol (FTY720), stimulates S1P signaling pathways only after it is(More)
The association of breast cancer with passive and active smoking was investigated in slow and fast acetylators of aromatic amines in a Geneva, Switzerland, study in 1996-1997. A slow acetylator was homozygous for one, or heterozygous for two, of three N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) polymorphisms determined on buccal cell DNA from 177 breast cancer cases and(More)
Progressive myoclonus epilepsy of the Unverricht-Lundborg type (EPM1; MIM 254800) is an autosomal recessive disorder with onset between 6 and 13 years followed by variable progression to mental deterioration and cerebellar ataxia. It is a rare disorder but more common in Finland (1 in 20,000) and the western Mediterranean. Two point mutations in the(More)
Chromosome 21 represents approximately 1% of the human genome, and its long arm has been estimated to contain 600-1000 genes. A dense linkage map and almost complete physical maps based on yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) and cosmids have been developed. We have used exon trapping to identify portions of genes from randomly picked chromosome 21-specific(More)
The Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurological disorder characterized by severe mental retardation, absent speech, seizures, gait disturbances, and a typical age-dependent facial phenotype. Most cases are due to an interstitial deletion on the maternally inherited chromosome 15, in the critical region q11-q13. Rare cases also result from paternal uniparental(More)
Thirty-two cases of uniparental disomy (UPD), ascertained from Prader-Willi syndrome patients (N = 27) and Angelman syndrome patients (N = 5), are used to investigate the pattern of recombination associated with nondisjunction of chromosome 15. In addition, the meiotic stage of nondisjunction is inferred by using markers mapping near the centromere. Two(More)
In models of acute lung injury, CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) mediates migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the lung. Since CXCR2 ligands, including CXCL1 and CXCL2/3, are chemotactic for PMNs, CXCR2 is thought to recruit PMNs by inducing chemotactic migration. In a model of PMN recruitment to the lung, aerosolized bacterial LPS(More)