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An assay that measures the reduced, oxidized, and protein-bound forms of cysteine, cysteinylglycine, homocysteine, and glutathione in human plasma is described. Oxidized and protein-bound thiols are converted to their reduced counterparts by the use of NaBH4, and, following derivatization with monobromobimane (mBrB), the thiol-bimane adducts are quantified(More)
Objectives: To provide a reference range for plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), an independent risk factor for vascular disease, and to explore relationships with nutritional indices for people aged 65 y and over, in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS). Design: The survey procedures described in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Report(More)
Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), cysteine and cysteinyl-glycine were measured in a representative sample of 922 young people aged 4-18 years, participating in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey in mainland Britain in 1997. Both tHcy and cysteine increased markedly with age; cysteinyl-glycine less so. Neither tHcy nor cysteine differed between genders;(More)
Elevated total homocysteine (Hcy) in plasma is an independent risk factor for early-onset vascular disease in the coronary, cerebral, and peripheral arteries. Different forms of Hcy, and their relation to other aminothiols in plasma, have not been investigated in patients with vascular disease. We therefore investigated 65 patients (35 men and 30 women)(More)
AIMS To characterize nutritional differences between survey participants diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes; those without diabetes, and those with "undiagnosed diabetes" based on glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)). SUBJECTS AND METHODS The 1994/5 British National Diet and Nutrition Survey, of people aged 65 years and over (mean age 78 years), included 73(More)
Objective: To assess the oxidative burden of a highly concentrated compound of n-3 PUFAs as compared to corn oil by measuring thiobarbituric acid–malondialdehyde complex (TBA–MDA) by HPLC. We also studied the influence on TBA–MDA of statins combined with n-3 PUFAs or corn oil.Design: A prospective, randomised, double-blind, controlled study.Setting: One(More)
OBJECTIVES Some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are associated with low levels of serum (S-FA) and erythrocyte folate (E-FA) and high levels of plasma total homocysteine (p-tHcy). We have explored the concentrations of S-FA, E-FA and p-tHcy in patients on carbamazepine (CBZ). The methionine loading test was applied for better assessment of mildly impaired(More)
OBJECTIVES Haemodialysis patients have elevated levels of the atherogenic amino acid homocysteine. We wanted to assess the effects of small doses of intravenous folinic acid (the active form of folic acid) on some biochemical risk factors of cardiovascular disease. DESIGN Longitudinal and open intervention study. SETTING Two dialysis units in the County(More)
Low folate levels have consistently been reported in patients with epilepsy on phenytoin (PHT), phenobarbital (PB) and primidone (PRD), while data on valproate (VPA) are conflicting. Furthermore, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may be associated with high levels of plasma total homocysteine (p-tHcy). Therefore, we have investigated the levels of p-tHcy, serum(More)
Elevations of homocyst(e)ine levels in the blood of patients with homocystinuria may explain the high cardiovascular morbidity. We determined levels of reduced, oxidized, and protein-bound homocyst(e)ine, cyst(e)ine, and cyst(e)inylglycine in plasma from eight patients with homocystinuria. The technique used involved trapping of reduced thiols by collecting(More)