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Locomotor activity is a polygenic trait that varies widely among inbred strains of mice (). To characterize the role of D2 dopamine receptors in locomotion, we generated F2 hybrid (129/Sv x C57BL/6) D2 dopamine receptor (D2R)-deficient mice by gene targeting and investigated the contribution of genetic background to open-field activity and rotarod(More)
Although dopaminergic transmission has been strongly implicated in alcohol self-administration, the involvement of specific dopamine receptor subtypes has not been well established. We studied the ethanol preference and sensitivity of D2-receptor-deficient mice to directly evaluate whether dopamine D2 receptors contribute to alcohol (ethanol) consumption.(More)
Presynaptic D2 dopamine (DA) autoreceptors, which are well known to modulate DA release, have recently been shown to regulate DA transporter (DAT) activity. To examine the effects of D2 DA receptor deficiency on DA release and DAT activity in dorsal striatum, we used mice genetically engineered to have two (D2+/+), one (D2+/-), or no (D2-/-) functional(More)
The importance of the left-handed polyproline II (PPII) helical conformation has recently become apparent. This conformation generally is involved in two important functions: protein-protein interactions and structural integrity. PPII helices play vital roles in a variety of processes including signal transduction, transcription, and cell motility.(More)
Dispatches 239 Two outbreaks of a previously unknown disease in horses and humans occurred in Queensland in 1994. The outbreaks occurred within 1 month of each other in Brisbane and Mackay, which are approximately 1000 km apart. In the Brisbane incident, 21 horses were infected of which 14 died or were euthanized after severe clinical signs of an acute(More)
Dopamine secreted from hypophysial hypothalamic neurons is a principal inhibitory regulator of pituitary hormone secretion. Mice with a disrupted D2 dopamine receptor gene had chronic hyperprolactinemia and developed anterior lobe lactotroph hyperplasia without evidence of adenomatous transformation. Unexpectedly, the mutant mice had no hyperplasia of the(More)
The effects of pituitary-derived melanocortin peptides are primarily attributed to ACTH-mediated adrenocortical glucocorticoid production. Identification of a widely distributed receptor for ACTH/MSH peptides, the melanocortin-5 receptor (MC5-R), suggested non-steroidally mediated systemic effects of these peptides. Targeted disruption of the MC5-R produced(More)
Neuropeptide B (NPB) and neuropeptide W (NPW) have been recently identified as ligands for the G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 7 and GPR8. The precise in vivo role of this neuropeptide-receptor pathway has not been fully demonstrated. In this paper, we report that NPB-deficient mice manifest a mild adult-onset obesity, similar to that reported in GPR7-null(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive chromosome instability syndrome characterized by progressive bone marrow (BM) failure, skeletal defects, and increased susceptibility to malignancy. FA cells are hypersensitive to DNA cross-linking agents, oxygen and have cell cycle abnormalities. To develop an animal model of the disease we generated mice(More)
Behavioral sensitization to psychostimulants manifests as an increased locomotor response with repeated administration. Dopamine systems are accepted to play a fundamental role in sensitization, but the role of specific dopamine receptor subtypes has not been completely defined. This study used the combination of dopamine D2 receptor-deficient mice and a(More)