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BACKGROUND Stroke occurs after coronary artery bypass grafting with an incidence ranging between 0.8% and 5.2%. To identify factors associated with stroke, we prospectively examined a study cohort and tested findings in an independent validation sample. METHODS The study cohort comprised 456 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting only, and(More)
The development of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and its effect on angina is the product of a series of technical and scientific advances. Despite these advances, however, adverse neurobehavioural outcomes continue to occur. Stroke is the most serious complication of CABG, but studies that have identified demographic and medical risk factors(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive deficits have been reported in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting, but the incidence of these deficits varies widely. We studied prospectively the incidence of cognitive change and whether the changes persisted over time. METHODS Cognitive testing was done preoperatively and 1 month and 1 year postoperatively in 127(More)
BACKGROUND Central nervous system dysfunction continues to produce significant morbidity and associated mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Using a closed-chest canine cardiopulmonary bypass model, dogs underwent 2 h of hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) at 18 degrees C, followed by resuscitation and recovery for 3 days. Animals were(More)
BACKGROUND Neurologic complications after cardiac surgery include stroke, encephalopathy, and persistent cognitive impairments. More precise neuroimaging of patients with these complications may lead to a better understanding of the etiology and treatment of these disorders. OBJECTIVE To study the pattern of ischemic changes on diffusion- and(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have investigated predictors of cognitive decline after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but there is little consensus as to which specific factors are predictive of poor cognitive outcomes. METHODS We evaluated 127 patients undergoing CABG with standardized neuropsychological tests preoperatively, at 1 month and at 1(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy still exists as to whether patients with previous stroke are at increased risk for neurologic complications after heart operations. METHODS We performed a prospective analysis of 1,000 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac operations requiring cardiopulmonary bypass, without hypothermic circulatory arrest. Of the 1,000 patients,(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is commonly reported after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and after cardiac surgery in general. Many earlier reports relied on non-standard assessments of depression, which may have overestimated its frequency. Cognitive decline has also been reported after CABG. We assessed the frequency of depression after CABG by a(More)
Studies that have examined neuropsychologic change after cardiac surgery address three main issues: (1) the incidence of cognitive change; (2) the identification of factors that put patients at higher risk; and (3) the evaluation of interventions to prevent these complications. This review attempts to bring together concerns associated with various study(More)
BACKGROUND The reported prevalence of leg wound complications after coronary artery bypass grafting is 2% to 24%. Decreased length of hospital stay for patients who have this surgical procedure poses new care requirements in both acute care and community settings. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of postoperative leg wound complications in patients(More)
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