M A Giovanelli

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Acromegaly is usually caused by a growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma, and hypersecretion of GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) from a hypothalamic or neuroendocrine tumor accounts for other cases. The authors report on the unusual association of acromegaly with a granular cell tumor of the neurohypophysis. A 42-year-old woman with a 10-year history of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been recently observed that small fibre neuropathy (SFN) may present as distal symmetrical polyneuropathy and with atypical non-length-dependent pattern. OBJECTIVE To describe a small series of patients with non-length-dependent SFN, investigating corneal innervation with corneal confocal microscopy (CCM). METHODS Evaluation of the(More)
After the transition state of decerebrate coma, at least four different kinds of the so-called apallic status can be identified: 1. Complete apallic syndrome: coma vigil, alertness without any awareness, mass movements only, impairment of sleep rhythm, absence of any emotional responses, postural abnormalities, some primitive motor responses, tetraplegia,(More)
Chondrosarcomas located in the spine are uncommon tumors and are challenging to manage. A case of a 65-year-old man with a T3-T4 spine chondrosarcoma is reported. The onset of symptoms consisted in progressive dorsal pain with sometimes a girdle-like radiation and, successively, in dysaesthesia and paresthesia from the lower limbs to the thoracic region.(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper reports the complications of transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas in a series of 1240 consecutive patients operated at our Institute between 1990 and 2004 (first operations) and indicate the clinical characteristics of patients which affected surgical morbidity and mortality. METHODS According to tumour type, there were 420(More)
OBJECTIVE The recurrence of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) after surgical removal is common. The aim of our study was to investigate and correlate the growth fraction of NFPAs with clinical characteristics and long-term follow-up results. METHODS Tumor specimens were obtained from 101 consecutive patients with NFPAs (48 female patients and 53(More)
Cavernous hemangiomas can grow extra-axially within dural sinuses, particularly the cavernous sinus and present like tumours. Five cases of cavernous hemangiomas arising within or from the wall of the cavernous sinus are reported. Three of them had an "endophytic" growth within the cavernous sinus with a lateral extension into the middle cranial fossa, a(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of choice in Cushing's disease is transsphenoidal adenomectomy with a recurrence rate ranging 9-23%. We investigated whether abnormal hormonal responses may predict the relapse in "operated" patients followed-up for a long period. METHOD Sixty-eight surgically treated patients with Cushing's disease were followed-up for 12-252(More)
Endocrine inactive pituitary adenomas represent about one quarter of all pituitary tumors. By immunocytochemistry, most of these tumors are positive for intact gonadotropins and/or their subunits. Clinical presentation is usually secondary to mass effect symptoms, such as visual disturbances, headache, and hypopituitarism. Differential diagnosis is usually(More)
INTRODUCTION The risk of leaving a remnant after surgery for a cavernous malformation in the brainstem is generally not stressed enough, even though such remnants appear to have a high risk of re-bleeding. At least 40% of known cavernoma remnants after surgery have further bleeding episodes. A retrospective analysis of 30 patients with brainstem cavernoma(More)