M A Chilbert

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Three intact cadavers and 10 isolated cervical spinal columns underwent compression, with forces directed vertically, forward, or rearward. Failure modes were often different than force directions. The loads required to produce bony injury or ligamentous disruption ranged from 645 to 7439 N. Flexion and extension injuries were produced at approximately 50%(More)
Studies were conducted in 14 mongrel dogs to compare resistivities in normal muscle with those from muscle subjected to electrical burns. One-ampere, 60-Hz currents were passed between the hind limbs of the dogs producing injury in three measurement regions of the gracilis muscle. Histology, heart rate, body temperature, arterial and pulmonary artery(More)
Voltages from 10 to 14,000 volts demonstrated currents up to 70 amperes with resistances of approximately 200 ohms in studies in hogs. Below 1,000 volts, a current reduction is observed following arcing and skin necrosis. At the higher voltages, this phenomenon was not observed. The energy required for tissue damage was dependent upon the voltage and time(More)
A new technique for implanting Greene hamster amelanotic melanoma cells into the rabbit eye is described. The technique involves the deposition of a tumor fragment into the subchoroidal space via a transvitreal approach. Thirty rabbit eyes were implanted with 26 successful tumor growths producing solitary choroidal nodules. This technique offers the(More)
The failure biomechanics of Harrington distraction rods, modified Weiss springs, and Luque rods were studied in intact cadavers and isolated spinal columns using flexion-compression loading. Most spines fractured at T-11 or T-12 at applied loads ranging between 556 and 4220 newtons (mean = 1833 N). After Harrington distraction rod placement, the same spines(More)
Electrical burns or ischemia (induced by vascular ligation) were produced in the legs of 15 anesthetized dogs to study evolution of tissue changes compared with impedance alterations. After the application of 1-ampere currents at 60 Hz, animals were monitored from 1 to 4 days. Muscle impendance was measured with frequency sweeping to determine tissue(More)
Time-varying magnetic fields induce currents in conductive media, and when the induced current is large enough in excitable tissue, stimulation occurs. This phenomenon has been applied to the human brain and peripheral nerves for diagnostic evaluation of the neural system. One important aspect that is presently unknown is the current level necessary in(More)