M. A. Boogaerts

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BACKGROUND Amphotericin B deoxycholate is currently the standard empirical antifungal therapy in neutropenic patients with cancer who have persistent fever that does not respond to antibiotic therapy. However, this treatment often causes infusion-related and metabolic toxicities, which may be dose limiting. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of(More)
The diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in patients with hematologic disorders is not straightforward; lack of sensitive and specific noninvasive diagnostic tests remains a major obstacle for establishing a precise diagnosis. In a series of 362 consecutive high-risk treatment episodes that were stratified according to the probability of IA based on(More)
BACKGROUND A randomised trial comparing filgrastim-mobilised peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplants with autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) for haematopoietic stem cell support has not been done. We compared the effects of filgrastim-mobilised PBPC or autologous bone marrow reinfused to lymphoma patients after high-dose chemotherapy(More)
Efforts to improve the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) have been directed towards the detection of fungal antigens, including galactomannan (GM). However, previous evaluations of GM detection have been hampered by a lack of proven cases of IA and by a nonserial study design. This prospective study assessed the diagnostic value of serial screening(More)
In a 10-year consecutive series of 263 allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients, we identified five cases (1.9%) of invasive mucormycosis. Only one infection occurred within the first 100 days after transplantation, while the remainder complicated the late post-transplant course (median day of diagnosis: 343). Sites of infection were considered(More)
Detection of the FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene or the corresponding cryptic 4q12 deletion supports the diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) in patients with chronic hypereosinophilia. We retrospectively characterized 17 patients fulfilling WHO criteria for idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) or CEL, using nested RT-PCR and interphase(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) stimulates erythropoietic bone marrow cells and increases erythrocyte production. This prospective study was designed to evaluate the effects of rHuEPO on regeneration of erythropoiesis after allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Seventeen centers participated in this randomized, double-blind,(More)
An analysis of clinical, haematological, histological and cytogenetic data was performed in 85 consecutive patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The criteria for diagnosis of refractory anaemia (RA), acquired idiopathic sideroblastic anaemia (AISA) and chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) were clearly defined, since the inclusion criteria(More)
Serial morphological and cytogenetic investigations were performed in 46 patients with the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Twenty-one patients (45.5%) progressed to AML (greater than 30% blasts in bone marrow smears). Based on sequential determinations of percentages of bone marrow blasts, three patterns of evolution were observed in MDS. Patients with(More)
This is the first completed prospective randomized clinical efficacy trial of antifungals in the treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) and the first to compare the clinical efficacy of two dosages of liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) for IA in neutropenic patients with cancer or those undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Eighty-seven of 120 patients(More)