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In this study, the distribution of P2Y(6) receptor mRNA in rat nephron segments was investigated and a functional approach was used to analyze basolateral protein expression. Reverse transcription-PCR studies revealed more intense expression of P2Y(6) receptor mRNA in the proximal tubule and the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop, less intense expression(More)
BACKGROUND Several groups have identified P2Y receptors in the basolateral membrane of the rat nephron. These studies have not covered all segments of the nephron and have relied solely on the relative potency of receptor agonists for classification. METHODS We measured purine and pyrimidine-induced changes in intracellular free calcium concentration(More)
Exosomes are vesicles that are released from the kidney into urine. They contain protein and RNA from the glomerulus and all sections of the nephron and represent a reservoir for biomarker discovery. Current methods for the identification and quantification of urinary exosomes are time consuming and only semi-quantitative. Nanoparticle tracking analysis(More)
A range of P2 receptor subtypes has been identified along the renal tubule, in both apical and basolateral membranes. Furthermore, it has been shown that nucleotides are released from renal tubular cells, and that ectonucleotidases are present in several nephron segments. These findings suggest an autocrine/paracrine role for nucleotides in regulating(More)
Potassium secretory flux (J(K)) by the distal nephron is regulated by systemic and luminal factors. In the present investigation, J(K) was measured with a double-barreled K(+) electrode during paired microperfusion of superficial segments of the rat distal nephron. We used control solutions (100 mM NaCl, pH 7.0) and experimental solutions in which Cl(-) had(More)
Type II Bartter's syndrome is a hereditary hypokalemic renal salt-wasting disorder caused by mutations in the ROMK channel (Kir1.1; Kcnj1), mediating potassium recycling in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAL) and potassium secretion in the distal tubule and cortical collecting duct (CCT). Newborns with Type II Bartter are transiently(More)
Collagen IV is a major component of basement membranes, and mutations in COL4A1, which encodes collagen IV alpha chain 1, cause a multisystemic disease encompassing cerebrovascular, eye and kidney defects. However, COL4A1 renal disease remains poorly characterized and its pathomolecular mechanisms are unknown. We show that Col4a1 mutations in mice cause(More)
Urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) are released from all regions of the kidney's nephron and from other cells that line the urinary tract. Extracellular vesicles retain proteomic and transcriptomic markers specific to their cell of origin and so represent a potential reservoir for kidney disease biomarker discovery. Exosomes, a subtype of uEVs, are(More)
The present study used a stationary microperfusion technique to investigate in vivo the effect of P2Y1 receptor activation on bicarbonate reabsorption in the rat proximal tubule. Proximal tubules were perfused with a bicarbonate Ringer solution before flow was stopped by means of an oil block. The recovery of lumen pH from the initial value (pH 8.0) to(More)
We investigated the effects on urinary steroid and electrolyte excretion and renal gene expression of chronic infusions of ACTH in the mouse. ACTH caused a sustained increase in corticosteroid excretion; aldosterone excretion was only transiently elevated. There was an increase in the excretion of deoxycorticosterone, a weak mineralocorticoid, to levels of(More)