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Intra-ethnic as well as inter-ethnic differences are known to exist in the frequencies of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms with which associations have been shown for several cancers. In this study, CYP1A1 m2, GSTM1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms were determined among 133 healthy individuals of a(More)
The sulphation of bile acids is an important pathway for the detoxification and elimination of bile acids during cholestatic liver disease. A dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) sulphotransferase has been purified from male and female human liver cytosol using DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B and adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate-agarose affinity chromatography [Falany, Vazquez &(More)
Several studies focused on investigating genetic polymorphisms in order to estimate genetic contribution to lung cancer often showed conflicting results. In this study, we investigated the role of GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1 exon 5 and exon 6 polymorphisms on developing lung cancer and histological subtypes in 213 lung cancer patients and 231 controls. GSTM1 null,(More)
Three imidazole antimycotic drugs, ketoconazole, clotrimazole and miconazole, were studied to characterize the inhibition of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH), 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECDE) and 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (ERDE) activities in human liver and placenta in vitro in comparison with liver enzymes from control, phenobarbital (PB) and(More)
One hundred healthy Turkish volunteers (70 male, 30 female) aged from 19 to 56 years were given 5 mg coumarin p.o. after an overnight fast. Urine samples were collected before and 2, 4 and 8 h after drug administration. The extent and rate of formation of 7-OH-coumarin (7OHC) was determined by the urinary excretion of the metabolite as measured with the(More)
Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), a member of multigene superfamily of enzymes, plays a major role in the activation of procarcinogens such as polycyclic hydrocarbon dihydrodiols, aflatoxins and heterocyclic amines as well as of several drugs including tamoxifen which is used in breast cancer therapy. Using immunohistochemistry, the cellular distribution and(More)
Treatment of rabbits with benzene (880 mg/kg/day), s.c. for 3 consecutive days, caused 3.8- and 5.7-fold increases in aniline 4-hydroxylation rates of liver and kidney microsomes, respectively. Benzene treatment markedly enhanced hydroxylation rats of p-nitrophenol by liver and kidney by 7.2- and 4.2-fold, respectively. Both of these enzymes are associated(More)
UNLABELLED Several polymorphisms in cytochrome P-450s (CYP)s and Glutathione S-transferases (GST)s have been reported to be associated with survival rates of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but the studies in this regard are scarce and the results are contradictory. In this study, CYP1A1 (Ile462Val), CYP1B1(Asn453Ser), GST M1, GSTP1 exon 5(More)
Environmental chemicals are one of the risk factors in breast cancer genesis. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes play a major role in the activation of these chemicals. Using highly specific and sensitive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. the expression profile of all major xenobiotic metabolizing CYP forms was screened in breast(More)
Polymorphic genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes may account for interindividual differences in certain types of diseases especially cancer. In this study, microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) and glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene polymorphisms were determined among 133 healthy males of a Turkish population. Frequencies of EPHX1 and GSTP1 gene(More)