Learn More
It is well known that neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury leads to mental retardation and deficits in cognitive abilities such as learning and memory in human beings. The ameliorative effect of erythropoietin (Epo) on experimental hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats has been recently reported. However, the effect of Epo on cognitive abilities(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE This study was designed to investigate the effects of recombinant erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone widely used for treatment of uremic anemia, in rats subjected to testicular ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). METHODS Thirty-five male rats were divided into the following: control, sham operated, ischemia (I), I/R, and I/R + EPO groups. In(More)
Aging is accompanied by significant structural and functional transformations of all organs and systems. Age-associated increase in apoptotic behavior may cause disease. Older cells are more susceptible to endogenous oxidative damage, and oxidative stress is a potent inducer of apoptosis. Deprenyl is an irreversible monoamine-oxidase B inhibitor which has(More)
Oxidative stress may play a major role in the aging process and associated cognitive decline. Therefore, antioxidant treatment may alleviate age-related impairment in spatial memory. Cognitive impairment could also involve the age-related morphological alterations of the hippocampal formation. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between(More)
Regular treadmill running during adolescence improves learning and memory in rats. During adolescence, the baseline level of stress is thought to be greater than during other periods of life. We investigated the effects of voluntary and involuntary exercise on the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), brain-derived(More)
It is well known that diabetes mellitus may cause neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety disorders. Diabetes may also cause reduced IGF-1 (insulin like growth factor-1) levels in brain and blood. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between diabetes induced anxiety and IGF-1 levels in diabetic rats. The anxiety levels of(More)
In a previous study we demonstrated that acute footshock stress increased glutathione peroxidase activity in the prefrontal cortex and striatum of adult male rats. Adolescents may respond differently to stress as life stressors may be greater than at other ages. The present study examined the effects of the acute footshock stress on superoxide dismutase(More)
Melatonin has recently been suggested as an antioxidant that may protect neurons from oxidative stress. Acute ethanol administration produces both lipid peroxidation as an indicator of oxidative stress in the brain and impairs water-maze performance in spatial learning and memory tasks. The present study investigated the effect of melatonin against(More)
Previous studies have shown that erythropoietin (EPO) has protective effects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in several tissues. The aim of this study was to determine whether EPO could prevent intestinal tissue injury induced by I/R. Wistar rats were subjected to intestinal ischemia (30 min) and reperfusion (60 min). A single dose of EPO (5000(More)
Aging is a progressive degeneration process in living organisms. Deprenyl is an irreversible monoamine-oxidase B inhibitor which has antioxidant, antiapoptotic and neuroprotective effects. Estradiol is also a neuroprotective and antioxidant hormone. The objective of this study was to determine whether the antioxidative effects of deprenyl can suppress(More)