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For the first time, oxygen terminated cellulose carbon nanoparticles (CCN) was synthesised and applied in gene transfection of pIRES plasmid. The CCN was prepared from catalytic of polyaniline by chemical vapour deposition techniques. This plasmid contains one gene that encodes the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in eukaryotic cells, making them(More)
Increasing longevity and a growing older population are being accompanied by a higher prevalence of dementia and concomitant demand for care. In this connection, the University of Cape Town/Groote Schuur Hospital (UCT/GSH) Memory Clinic provides a valuable service to patients, families and health professionals. High levels of behavioural and psychological(More)
AIMS To determine survival, disability and functional outcomes of stroke patients following their discharge from an acute stroke unit in an urban community with limited rehabilitative resources. METHODS Stroke patients were recruited from a district hospital in Cape Town and followed-up for 6 months. Clinical characteristics, demographic and socioeconomic(More)
PURPOSE Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is associated with nitrosative stress. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the beneficial effects of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) eye drop treatment on an experimental model of DR. METHODS Diabetes (DM) was induced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Treated animals received GSNO eye drop (900 nM or 10 μM)(More)
Finding specific molecular targets and the mechanism of action of praziquantel in the treatment of schistosomiasis remains a challenging task. Our efforts were focused on obtaining further information on worm composition before and after exposure to praziquantel in the treatment of schistosomiasis to elucidate the potential sites of action of this drug.(More)
Schistosomiasis is a neglected disease with large geographic distribution worldwide. Among the several different species of this parasite, S. mansoni is the most common and relevant one; its pathogenesis is also known to vary according to the worms' strain. High parasitical virulence is directly related to granulomatous reactions in the host's liver, and(More)
Plant biomass has been suggested as an alternative to produce bioethanol. The recalcitrance of plant biomass to convert cellulose into simpler carbohydrates used in the fermentation process is partially due to lignin, but the standard methods used to analyze lignin composition frequently use toxic solvents and are laborious and time-consuming. MS imaging(More)
Atherosclerosis has been associated with mitochondria dysfunction and damage. Our group demonstrated previously that hypercholesterolemic mice present increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen (mtROS) generation in several tissues and low NADPH/NADP+ ratio. Here, we investigated whether spontaneous atherosclerosis in these mice could be modulated by(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor play critical roles in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) carcinogenesis. A functional polymorphism in the EGF gene has been linked to increased cancer susceptibility. This study aimed to evaluate the role of the EGF +61A/G polymorphism as risk factors in NSCLC patients. For the present case–control study, we(More)