Mônica Silva de Souza Meirelles

Learn More
BACKGROUND/AIMS Chronic renal patients on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment are exposed to oxidative stress and DNA damage. The objective of this study was to assess the oxidative damage to DNA in end-stage chronic renal failure, before and after vitamin E supplementation. METHODS Patients on HD (n=29) and PD (n=22) received oral(More)
Mutations or polymorphisms in the gene of the enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHFR) are associated with hyperhomocysteinemia and possibly with an elevated risk for vascular diseases. A study was conducted on 83 individuals with type 2 diabetes in order to determine the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the G1793A mutation and to assess the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE HIV infection induces a state of pellagra in cell culture models. This study compared the nutritional status and the 24-hour urine excretion of N-methylnicotinamide between HIV-positive children and HIV-negative children who were or were not born of mothers with HIV-1 infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty patients were included in the study:(More)
Free radical generation is an important step in the pathogenesis of ethanol-associated liver injury. Administration of ethanol induces an increase in lipid peroxidation both by enhancing the production of oxygen reactive species and by decreasing the levels of endogenous antioxidants. This work focuses on the generation of free radicals provoked by an acute(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of quercetin in a model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis. METHODS Seventynine adult male hamsters were randomized to receive intratracheal (IT) instillations and intraperitoneal (IP) injections in four configurations: IP vehicle/IT saline (VS group, n = 16); IP quercetin/IT saline (QS group, n =(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a world public health problem contributing to the increase in childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries and severe deficiency of vitamin A may lead to xerophthalmia and blindness. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of VAD among Brazilian school-aged children(More)
The effect of citric pectin on the bioavailability of synthetic beta-carotene was studied. Thirty Wistar rats were used, ten animals were sacrificed at the beginning of the experiment and remaining animals were divided into two groups and received the following diets for 30 days: control group (CG)--24 micrograms beta-carotene/g diet + 0% citric pectin;(More)
Inflammation is a protective physiologic response, generally controlled by the organism at the injury site. Vitamin E is the most important antioxidant in the lipid phase present in nature and acts by interrupting the chain reaction produced by free radicals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of inflammation on vitamin E levels and(More)
Chronic alcohol consumption is directly related to the induction of liver damage. The continuous use of ethanol induces the isoenzyme cytochrome P450CYP2E1, which promotes the formation of free radicals, resulting in lipid peroxidation. Among the main antioxidants are vitamin E, reduced glutathione (GSH), vitamin C, and beta-carotene. beta-Carotene has(More)
  • 1