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In order to determine the occurrence, serotypes and virulence markers of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains, 153 fecal samples of cattle randomly selected from six dairy farms in Sao Paulo State, Brazil, were examined for Shiga toxin (Stx) production by the Vero cell assay. Feces were directly streaked onto MacConkey Sorbitol Agar and(More)
Escherichia coli strains of non-EPEC serotypes that carry eae and lack the EAF and the Shiga toxin (stx) gene sequences have been found in acute diarrhea. Both the cell association and the cell entry of these strains in human intestinal epithelial cells were studied as a function of cell differentiation and polarization. The eae+/EAF-/stx- non-EPEC E. coli(More)
To determine the prevalence and epidemiology of enteropathogens in acute infantile diarrhea, 500 infants less than or equal to 12 months of age with diarrhea and 500 age-matched control subjects coming to a São Paulo emergency room were studied. Enteropathogens were identified in 55% of case infants and 10% of controls; enteropathogenic Escherichia coli(More)
The frequency of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) strains was investigated in 253 children up to 3 years old, with (patient group, PG, 199 children) and without (control group, CG, 54 children) diarrhoea, living in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. DEC strains were detected in 70 (27.6%) children, including 54 (27.1%) with diarrhoea and 16 (29.6%) without(More)
The enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) pathotype is currently divided into two groups, typical EPEC (tEPEC) and atypical EPEC (aEPEC). The property that distinguishes these two groups is the presence of the EPEC adherence factor plasmid, which is only found in tEPEC. aEPEC strains are emerging enteropathogens that have been detected worldwide. Herein,(More)
This study was conducted to characterize the virulence potential of 59 Escherichia coli strains carrying EAE and lacking the enteropathogenic E. coli adherence factor and Shiga toxin probe sequences. In hybridization studies, all strains carried the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE)-associated DNA sequences. Of the other 15 virulence DNA sequences(More)
The aim of this work was to verify the presence of seven virulence factors (ST, LT, eae, stx(1), stx(2), INV and EAEC) among Escherichia coli strains isolated from healthy humans, bovines, chickens, sheep, pigs and goats, from two sewage treatment plants and from the Tietê River. We have found a high prevalence of eae, stx(1) and stx(2) in ruminants. The(More)
To analyze whether Escherichia coli strains that cause urinary tract infections (UPEC) share virulence characteristics with the diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC) pathotypes and to recognize their genetic diversity, 225 UPEC strains were examined for the presence of various properties of DEC and UPEC (type of interaction with HeLa cells, serogroups and presence of(More)
Escherichia coli strains of nonenteropathogenic serogroups carrying eae but lacking the enteropathogenic E. coli adherence factor plasmid and Shiga toxin DNA probe sequences were isolated from patients (children, adults, and AIDS patients) with and without diarrhea in Brazil. Although diverse in phenotype and genotype, some strains are potentially(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) strains have been implicated as emerging aetiological agents of diarrhoea worldwide. In the present study, 43 EAEC strains were serotyped and characterized according to random amplification of polymorphic DNA profiles, PFGE, multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and the presence of putative virulence genes (hly,(More)