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Acrosin is an acrosomal protease synthesized as an inactive precursor, proacrosin, which is processed via autoproteolysis into active forms alpha- and beta-acrosin. In this paper, a comparative study on the immunoreactivity of acrosin during in vitro capacitation of frozen and fresh (control) canine sperm using Western blot analysis is reported. Semen(More)
The scope of the present study was to evaluate the presence and activation of proacrosin/acrosin as a tool to determine the acrosomal status of fresh and frozen/thawed dog spermatozoa. Monoclonal antibody C5F11, directed against human acrosin, cross-reacted with dog spermatozoa and labeled the acrosome of both fresh and frozen/thawed dog spermatozoa.(More)
Fetal growth and newborn weight from ovine gestations at high altitudes (HA) are greater in ewes that live at HA for several generations than in those native to low altitudes (LA) exposed to HA only during pregnancy. Because the placenta is a key regulator of fetal growth, the present study compared placental characteristics in term pregnancies among ewes(More)
The aim of the present work was to immunolocalize acrosin in bull spermatozoa incubated for up to 6 h in capacitating culture medium (TALP-heparin), in order to study the kinetics of its release during the acrosome reaction and in vitro sperm penetration. Six replicates from semen of one bull were used. Acrosin was localized by the silver-enhanced(More)
The present study evaluated the hypothesis that the effects of hypoxia on sheep pregnancies at high altitude (HA) are mediated by oxidative stress and that antioxidant vitamins may prevent these effects. Both HA native and newcomer ewes were maintained at an altitude of 3,589 m during mating and pregnancy. Control low altitude (LA) native ewes were(More)
Experiments were conducted to evaluate in vitro fertilization (IVF) of in vitro matured (IVM) bitch oocytes using dog spermatozoa frozen in three different extenders. Sperm-rich fraction from eight ejaculates of five dogs was frozen in each one of three egg yolk Tris extenders with additional: (A) 1.4 g citric acid and 0.8 g glucose; (B) 0.7 g citric acid(More)
The objective was to evaluate mitochondrial distribution, and its relationship to meiotic development, in canine oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) at 48, 72, and 96 h, compared to those that were non-matured or in vivo matured (ovulated). The distribution of active mitochondria during canine oocyte maturation (both in vitro and in vivo) was assessed(More)
The frequency of coronary heart disease in a community is usually measured by myocardial infarction incidence and mortality rates. The measurement of the prevalence of angina pectoris may, however, become a convenient way of assessing coronary heart disease morbidity in the future. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of angina and validity(More)
The IVM of canine oocytes is characterized by low rates of metaphase II. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of hCG on meiotic development of canine oocytes for culture periods up to 96 h. Oocytes were collected after ovariohysterectomy. Only oocytes >110 microm in diameter, with a homogeneous dark cytoplasm and three or more layers of(More)
Sheep pregnancy in high-altitude environments frequently involves hypoxia and oxidative stress and causes intrauterine growth retardation. The adverse effects of altitude on fetal growth can be prevented by the administration of antioxidant vitamins, but the mechanisms responsible are not well known. The maintenance of a viable pregnancy depends largely on(More)