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We describe a patient with a pure motor chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy with an IgM monoclonal component showing anti-GM2, GalNAc-GD1a and GalNAc-GM1b reactivity whose common epitope appears to be -[GalNAcbeta1-4Gal(3-2alphaNeuAc)beta1]. We used intracellular recording to study how IgM from this patient affected neurotransmitter release in the mouse(More)
Zonulin is the only physiological mediator known to regulate intestinal permeability reversibly by modulating intercellular tight junctions. To investigate the relationship between intestinal permeability and obesity-associated metabolic disturbances in humans, we aimed to study circulating zonulin according to obesity and insulin resistance. Circulating(More)
BACKGROUND Potential regulators of adipogenesis include microRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs that have been recently shown related to adiposity and differentially expressed in fat depots. However, to date no study is available, to our knowledge, regarding miRNAs expression profile during human adipogenesis. Thereby, the aim of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of the alternative pathway of the complement system, in which factor H (fH; complement fH [CFH]) is a key regulatory component, has been suggested as a link between obesity and metabolic disorders. Our objective was to study the associations between circulating and adipose tissue gene expressions of CFH and complement factor B (fB; CFB)(More)
OBJECTIVE Metformin has been well characterized in vitro as a substrate of liver-expressed organic cation transporters (OCTs). We investigated the gene expression and protein levels of OCT-1 and OCT-2 in adipose tissue and during adipogenesis and evaluated their possible role in metformin action on adipocytes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS OCT1 and OCT2(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is known to be produced by the bone and linked to metabolic risk. We aimed to explore circulating FGF-23 in association with fatness and insulin sensitivity, atherosclerosis and bone mineral density (BMD). Circulating intact FGF-23 (iFGF-23) and C-terminal (CtFGF-23) concentrations (ELISA) were measured in 133 middle(More)
The relevance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in adipose tissue is increasingly recognized, being intrinsically linked to different pathways, including obesity-related inflammation. In this study, we aimed to characterize the changes induced by inflammation on the miRNA pattern of human adipocytes and macrophages. Therefore, an extensive profile of 754 common miRNAs(More)
Calgranulin B (S100A9) was recognized as a candidate type 2 diabetes (T2D) gene in the genomic profiling of muscle from a rodent model of T2D and identifying the human orthologs of genes localized in T2D susceptibility regions. Circulating and S100A9 expressions in muscle and adipose tissue, isolated fat cells, and mouse models were evaluated. A common(More)
Transgenic overexpression of adipose tissue (AT) transducin-like enhancer of split 3 (TLE3) mimicked peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists, improving insulin resistance in mice. This study aimed to investigate TLE3 gene expression (qRT-PCR) and protein (Western blot) in subjects with a wide spectrum of obesity and insulin(More)
CONTEXT Surfactant protein-D (SP-D) is a primordial component of the innate immune system intrinsically linked to metabolic pathways. We aimed to study the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting SP-D with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We evaluated a common genetic variant located in the(More)