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Chromogranins (Cgs) are the major soluble proteins of dense-core secretory vesicles. Chromaffin cells from Chga null mice [chromogranin A knock-out (CgA-KO)] exhibited approximately 30% reduction in the content and in the release of catecholamines compared with wild type. This was because of a lower secretion per single exocytotic event, rather than to a(More)
Chromogranins are the main soluble proteins in the large dense core secretory vesicles (LDCVs) found in aminergic neurons and chromaffin cells. We recently demonstrated that chromogranins A and B each regulate the concentration of adrenaline in chromaffin granules and its exocytosis. Here we have further studied the role played by these proteins by(More)
Several drugs produce rapid changes in the kinetics of exocytosis of catecholamines, as measured at the single event level with amperometry. This study is intended to unveil whether the mechanism(s) responsible for these effects involve changes in the intravesicular pH. Cell incubation with bafilomycin A1, a blocker of the vesicular proton pump, caused both(More)
Chromogranins/secretogranins (Cgs) are the major soluble proteins of large dense-core secretory vesicles (LDCVs). We have recently reported that the absence of chromogranin A (CgA) caused important changes in the accumulation and in the exocytosis of catecholamines (CAs) using a CgA-knock-out (CgA-KO) mouse. Here, we have analyzed a CgB-KO mouse strain that(More)
Single-cell amperometry is a powerful tool for the study of the mechanisms underlying secretion from cells that release electrochemically active substances like catecholamines, histamine, or serotonin. Amperometry has changed our view of the secretory process and the quantal release phenomenon. Today, it is a relatively easy technique to set up and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The delayed onset of certain effects of antagonists of beta-adrenoceptors (beta-blockers), such as lowering arterial blood pressure (several days), cannot be explained solely by their effects on beta-adrenoceptors, an action that occurs within minutes. Although several mechanisms have been proposed, none of them explain this temporal(More)
The augmentation of neurotransmitter and hormone release produced by ouabain inhibition of plasmalemmal Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) is well established. However, the mechanism underlying this action is still controversial. Here we have shown that in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells ouabain diminished the mobility of chromaffin vesicles, an indication of greater(More)
A cytomatrix of proteins at the presynaptic active zone (CAZ) controls the strength and speed of neurotransmitter release at synapses in response to action potentials. However, the functional role of many CAZ proteins and their respective isoforms remains unresolved. Here, we demonstrate that presynaptic deletion of the two G protein-coupled receptor(More)
Fast onset and high-level neurospecific transgene expression in vivo is of importance for many areas in neuroscience, from basic to translational, and can significantly reduce the amount of vector load required to maintain transgene expression in vivo. In this study, we tested various cis elements to optimize transgene expression at transcriptional,(More)
Neuroscience research has been revolutionized by the use of recombinant viral vector technology from the basic, preclinical and clinical levels. Currently, multiple recombinant viral vector types are employed with each having its strengths and weaknesses depending on the proposed application. Helper-dependent adenoviral vectors (HdAd) are emerging as ideal(More)