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RATIONALE T-type (CaV3.1/CaV3.2) Ca(2+) channels are expressed in rat cerebral arterial smooth muscle. Although present, their functional significance remains uncertain with findings pointing to a variety of roles. OBJECTIVE This study tested whether CaV3.2 channels mediate a negative feedback response by triggering Ca(2+) sparks, discrete events that(More)
OBJECTIVE In resistance arteries, there is an emerging view that smooth muscle CaV3.2 channels restrain arterial constriction through a feedback response involving the large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (BKCa). Here, we used wild-type and CaV3.2 knockout (CaV3.2(-/-)) mice to definitively test whether CaV3.2 moderates myogenic tone in(More)
Amphotericin B (AMB), micafungin, and caspofungin MICs, minimal fungicidal concentrations, and time-killing curves were determined in the presence and absence of 10% inactivated serum. AMB was the only agent with consistent killing activity (time required to achieve 99.9% of growth reduction was 2.1 to 3.2 h). The presence of serum enhanced caspofungin(More)
S-nitrosothiols (SNOs) such as S-nitroso-L-cysteine (L-cysNO) are endogenous compounds with potent vasodilatory activity. During circulation in the blood, the NO moiety can be exchanged among various thiol-containing compounds by S-transnitrosylation, resulting in SNOs with differing capacities to enter the cell (membrane permeability). To determine whether(More)
Mycosis fungoides is rare in children and adolescents. Large cell transformation in mycosis fungoides is typically seen in adult patients with advanced disease. We describe a 16-year-old girl with patch/plaque stage mycosis fungoides who developed a nodule within one of the plaques, which on histopathology showed large cell transformation, with positive(More)
Bradykinin-induced activation of the pulmonary endothelium triggers nitric oxide production and other signals that cause vasorelaxation, including stimulation of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BKCa) channels in myocytes that hyperpolarize the plasma membrane and decrease intracellular Ca(2+). Intrauterine chronic hypoxia (CH) may reduce(More)
KEY POINTS Distinct Ca2+ channels work in a coordinated manner to grade Ca2+ spark/spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) in rat cerebral arteries. The relative contribution of each Ca2+ channel to Ca2+ spark/STOC production depends upon their biophysical properties and the resting membrane potential of smooth muscle. Na+ /Ca2+ exchanger, but not(More)
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