Mónica Rodríguez-Carballeira

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BACKGROUND There is no information about the frequency of liver dysfunction in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treated with immunosuppressants and infected with hepatitis B (HBV) and/or C virus (HCV). AIM To assess the influence of immunosuppressants on the course of HBV and HCV infection in IBD. METHODS Patients with IBD with HBV and/or(More)
We studied the evolution of resistance to quinolones in Escherichia coli from 1992 to 1997 in Barcelona, Spain. An increasing proportion of quinolone-resistant E. coli (QREC) infections was observed. QREC strains were more common in patients with nosocomial infections but also increased in patients with community-acquired infections (9% in 1992 to 17% in(More)
Risk factors for Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) isolation in patients hospitalised for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation remain controversial. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for PA isolation in sputum at hospital admission in a prospective cohort of patients with acute exacerbation of COPD. We(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence and risk factors for infection due to AmpC β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (AmpC-EC). METHODS For the prevalence study, all clinical isolates of E. coli with reduced susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins were prospectively included from June 2010 to November 2011. For risk factor analysis, a(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of tuberculosis (TB) in elderly people. DESIGN Observational analysis of a prospective cohort of adults with TB (1995-2004). A case-control study to determine attributable mortality to TB in very old people was done. RESULTS Of 319 patients with TB, 109 (34.2%) were aged 65 and older. The(More)
Bacterial alveolar invasion is followed by an inflammatory response. A systemic extension of the compartmentalized immune response has been described in patients with severe pneumonia. The data suggest that some antimicrobials may induce a differential release of cytokines. We conducted a prospective, randomized study in adult patients with severe(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is isolated in advanced stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to determine whether PA isolation during hospitalization for COPD exacerbation was associated with a poorer prognosis after discharge. METHODS We prospectively studied all patients with COPD(More)
This study evaluated the impact of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (HPCV) on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children aged < or = 5 years in Barcelona, Spain. The incidence of IPD, vaccine uptake and prevalence of nasopharyngeal colonisation were analysed in two different periods: 1999-2001 (pre-licence period), and 2002-2004 (post-licence(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the association of avulsion and postnatal hiatal dimensions with delivery mode. These anatomical changes on pelvic floor muscle may be assessed by 3–4D ultrasonography. This is a prospective observational study that included 164 women: 20 nulliparous, 20 primigravid, and 124 postpartum women (62 at 1 month, 62 at 9(More)
The objective of this study was to increase our understanding of the importance of members of the Streptococcus milleri (SM) group as respiratory pathogens, by studying the epidemiological and clinical features of thoracic infections caused by this group and comparing the epidemiology and prognosis of empyema caused by SM with cases of pneumococcal(More)