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The "glutamatergic" granule cells of the dentate gyrus transiently express a GABAergic phenotype when a state of hyperexcitability is induced in the adult rat. Consequently, granule cell (GC) activation provokes monosynaptic GABAergic responses in their targets of area CA3. Because GABA exerts a trophic action on neonatal CA3 and mossy fibers (MF)(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated neurotransmission from the granule cells to CA3 is transiently expressed during the first 3 weeks of age in the rat. In the adult, seizures provoke this inhibitory signaling to reappear. To gain insight into the origin of GABA in these cells, we explored the expression of both isoforms of glutamic acid decarboxylase(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that FSH stimulates cell proliferation in the ovary and the testis of the chick embryo. This study analyzed the presence of FSH receptor and the cell subpopulations that proliferate in response to FSH in chick embryo gonads. FSH receptor mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the(More)
PURPOSE Postnatal retinal Müller glia are considered to be retinal progenitors as they retain the ability to dedifferentiate, proliferate, and differentiate to new retinal glia and neurons after injury. The proliferation and differentiation processes are coordinated by several extrinsic factors and neurotransmitters, including glutamate. Thus, the(More)
Sera from Brucella abortus-infected and -vaccinated bovines recognized four lipopolysaccharide (LPS) determinants: two in the O-polysaccharide (A and C), one in the core oligosaccharide from rough Brucella LPS (R), and one in lipid A (LA). From 46 different hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against various LPS moieties, 9 different(More)
The possibility of obtaining large numbers of cells with potential to become functional neurons implies a great advance in regenerative medicine. A source of cells for therapy is the subventricular zone (SVZ) where adult neural stem cells (NSCs) retain the ability to proliferate, self-renew, and differentiate into several mature cell types. The neurosphere(More)
The superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST)-1 can induce tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha expression in T cells and monocytes, through different signaling pathways. We have stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells with TSST-1 and found that the major cell producers of TNF-alpha as detected by cytofluorimetry and immunocytochemistry were CD4(+)(More)
In the adult retina, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) neurotoxicity induces Müller cell reactive gliosis which is characterized by changes in gene expression that lead to proliferation and affect retinal physiology. The amino acid D-serine is synthesized in Müller cells and modulates these processes acting as a coagonist of NMDA receptors. We have found that the(More)
D-serine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor coagonist predominantly produced by glial cells in the brain and the retina. Whereas a role for D-serine as a modulator of NMDA receptors in neurons has been suggested, its function in glial cells has not been analyzed. We here show that D-serine modulates gene expression in Müller glial cells from the(More)