Mónica Poverene

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Native populations of perennial grasses subjected to heavy grazing are typically shorter and more prostrate than ungrazed or lightly defoliated ones. However, it is often difficult to find out whether the morphological modifications are the result of genetic differentiation or phenotypic plasticity. Piptochaetium napostaense (Speg.) Hack. is a native(More)
Helianthus petiolaris (Asteraceae) native to North America has naturalized in Argentina. The extensive overlapping with sunflower crop regions, the coincidence of life cycles and the common pollinators facilitate interspecific crosses with sunflower, H. annuus var. macrocarpus. To estimate the occurrence of crop-to-wild and wild-to-crop gene flow, off-type(More)
Transgenic plants have increased interest in the study of crop gene introgression in wild populations. Genes (or transgenes) conferring adaptive advantages persist in introgressed populations, enhancing competitiveness of wild or weedy plants. This represents an ecological risk that could increase problems of weed control. Introgression of cultivar alleles(More)
Two introduced wild species Helianthus annuus L. and H. petiolaris Nutt. have become widespread in central Argentina and overlap the sunflower crop region. Intermediate off-type plants between the wild and cultivated species are often found, which is of concern because of the recent release of imidazolinone resistant varieties and the likely use of(More)
Helianthus petiolaris is a wild species used in genetic improvement of sunflower, as a donor of cytoplasmic male sterility and of genetic resistance to diseases. Isozyme variation for ADH, ACP, EST, GDH, LAP, PGI, PGD and SKDH in this species was studied using starch gel electrophoresis. The patterns thus obtained were compared with zymograms of inbred(More)
There is a high interest to understand and recreate the invasive process of successful non-native plant invaders. The genetic tools provide scanty information when the invasion is recent and there is gene flow among the invader and its crop relative. The concern about the government and private companies’ responsibilities in the diffusion process and the(More)
Male sterile (MS) plants fail to produce functional anthers, pollen, or male gametes. This condition is useful in sunflower hybrid seed production. A MS form identified in an invasive population of H. annuus located in Las Malvinas was characterized by 37 morphological variables, six mitochondrial genes (atpA, atp6, coxIII, orfb, orfB and orfC) associated(More)
Bird attack is a serious limitation to sunflower yield in several regions of the world, but it could also cause selection. The wild Helianthus annuus, naturalized in several regions of the world, hybridizes with the crop and produces crop–wild offspring. It is unknown how the selective force of seed predation by birds could drive evolution after a(More)
Wild turnip (Brassica rapa) is a common weed and a close relative to oilseed rape (Brassica napus). The Clearfield® production system is a highly adopted tool which provides an alternative solution for weed management, but its efficiency is threatened by gene transfer from crop to weed relatives. Crop-weed hybrids with herbicide resistance were found in the(More)
Genus Helianthus comprises diploid and polyploid species. An autoallopolyploid origin has been proposed for hexaploid species but the genomic relationships remain unclear. Mitotic and meiotic studies in annual Helianthus annuus (2n = 2x = 34) and perennial Helianthus resinosus (2n = 6x = 102) as well as the F1 hybrids between both species were carried out.(More)