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Falls in gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) are associated with morbidity and mortality in patients admitted to intensive-care units (ICU). We tested the hypothesis that ICU outcome can be improved by therapy guided by changes in pHi and aimed at improving systemic oxygen availability. We studied 260 patients admitted to ICUs with APACHE II scores of 15-25.(More)
BACKGROUND Combination of bevacizumab and FOLFIRI has currently become one of the standard therapeutic regimens. However, published information is still limited. The objective of the present retrospective observational study is to analyse the response and toxicity of first-line treatment with FOLFIRI+bevacizumab in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest a relationship between hypertension and outcome in bevacizumab-treated patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We performed a retrospective analysis of two phase II studies (BECA and BECOX) to determine if hypertension and proteinuria predict outcome in elderly patients with mCRC treated with bevacizumab. PATIENTS AND(More)
The most significant factor predicting response to second-line chemotherapy is the time interval elapsed from the end of chemotherapy to relapse occurrence. Two types of situations may be considered: patients with platinum-sensitive relapse (relapse-free interval longer than 6 months) and patients with platinum-refractory relapse (progression during(More)
BACKGROUND Subgroup analyses of clinical studies suggest that bevacizumab plus XELOX is effective and tolerable in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The prospective BECOX study examined the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab plus XELOX, followed by bevacizumab plus capecitabine in elderly patients with mCRC. METHODS Patients aged(More)
This phase II trial studied the antitumor effect and toxicity of weekly irinotecan (CPT-11, 125 mg/m(2) 60 min iv infusion, weekly for 4 wk plus 2 wk rest) as second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) resistant or refractory to prior 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy. Sixty-nine patients with adenocarcinoma (57% in the colon and(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Recently, it has been found that about 40 % of patients with CRC have mutations in the K-RAS gene. Several clinical trials have showed that patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who present tumour-promoting mutations in signalling pathways involving the epidermal(More)
AIM To evaluate gemcitabine plus capecitabine as third-line or later-line therapy in patients with refractory advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) who maintain a good performance status (PS). PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively evaluated patients who had failed at least two lines of therapy or had contraindication to standard therapy and received(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the project was to assess the effectiveness and safety of weekly epoetin-beta (EB) in patients with gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) subjected to concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCTRT). METHODS In this clinical prospective and multicentre cohort study EB was administered at a dose of 30,000 IU/ week, during CCTRT and in the four weeks(More)
PURPOSE Anemia is common during anticancer treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the response and safety of treatment with epoetin-beta (EB) in patients with neoadjuvant therapy prior to primary digestive tract tumor surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this open-label, single-arm study, patients (n = 22) with hemoglobin (Hb) levels below 11 g/dl who(More)