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Although visual hallucinations (VH) are relatively frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, their neural substrates are only known from neuropathological and functional magnetic resonance studies. The aim of this study was to investigate possible structural brain changes on MRI in non-demented PD patients with VH using voxel-based morphometry.(More)
Twenty-seven preterm infants were compared to 10 full-term infants at term equivalent age using a voxel-based analysis of diffusion tensor imaging of the brain. Preterm infants exhibited higher fractional anisotropy values, which may suggest accelerated maturation, in the location of the sagittal stratum. While some earlier findings in preterm infants have(More)
Very preterm birth (VPTB) is an important risk factor for white matter (WM) damage. We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to examine regional WM brain abnormalities in 50 adolescents with antecedents of very preterm birth (VPTB) without evidence of WM damage on T2-weighted MRI. This group was compared with a group of 50 subjects born at term and matched for(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to map hippocampal activation during a declarative memory task in a sample of 14 adolescents with antecedents of prematurity (AP). The sample with AP was matched by age, sex and handedness with 14 full-term controls with no history of neurological or psychiatric illness. The target task consisted in(More)
Prematurity is associated with reduced brain volume, and the thalamus is among the structures most affected. We used a voxel-based morphometry analysis of gray matter to map regional atrophy in the thalamus in a sample of 30 adolescents with antecedents of very preterm birth. The preterm sample was compared with 30 controls matched by age, sex, handedness(More)
Prematurity is associated with cerebral abnormalities that might account for poorer cognitive performance. The aim of our study was to investigate the correlations between corpus callosum reductions and neuropsychologic performance in adolescents who were born preterm. Twenty-five subjects born before 33 weeks' gestation were compared with 25 subjects born(More)
Using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), we compared the relationship between hippocampal and thalamic gray matter loss and memory impairment in 22 adolescents with history of prematurity (HP) and 22 normal controls. We observed significant differences between groups in verbal learning and verbal recognition, but not in visual memory. VBM analysis(More)
We tested the hypothesis that basal ganglia dysfunction may be related to procedural learning impairment in schizophrenia. We determined the N-acetylaspartate/choline (NAA/Cho) ratio in the left striatal area in 11 young first-episode antipsychotic-naive patients and matched controls. Procedural learning was assessed by the four-disk version of the Tower of(More)
The olfactory system (accessory) implicated in reproductive physiology and behavior in mammals is sexually dimorphic. These brain sex differences present two main characteristics: they are seen in neural circuits related to sexual behavior and sexual physiology and they take one of two opposite morphological patterns (male>female or female>male). The(More)
There is increasing evidence about the presence of white matter damage in subjects with a history of premature birth, even in those classified as good outcome because of an apparently normal development. Although intellectual performance is within normal limits in premature children it is significantly decreased compared to paired controls. The purpose of(More)