Míriam José Alvarez-Martínez

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Between 2001 and 2002, samples from 1,413 animals in 21 Spanish small ruminant flocks, most of them with animals showing clinical signs compatible with Border disease (BD), were screened for the presence of Pestivirus antigen and antibodies by an indirect peroxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) and the virus neutralization test (VNT), respectively. Although all(More)
OBJECTIVES Scarce and limited epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data are available regarding paediatric respiratory tract infections in the Kingdom of Morocco, a middle-income country in northwestern Africa. The results of hospital-based surveillance aiming at describing the aetiology and epidemiology of respiratory distress among children <5(More)
In a prospective study of 660 HIV-positive Malawian adults, we diagnosed Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) using clinical features, induced sputum for immunofluorescent staining, real-time PCR, and posttreatment follow-up. PcP incidence was highest in patients with the lowest CD4 counts, but PcP is uncommon compared with incidences of pulmonary(More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii is a symbiotic respiratory fungus that causes pneumonia (PcP) in immunosuppressed patients. Because P. jirovecii cannot be reliably cultured in vitro, it has proven difficult to study and gaps in our understanding of the organism persist. The release of a draft genome for the organism opens the door for the development of new(More)
A selection of 10 pestiviruses isolated from sheep from the Iberian Peninsula from 2001 to 2004 was characterised at the molecular level. The 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) and N(pro)-coding gene were amplified by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequenced directly from purified products. All isolates were also typed(More)
Several studies from developed countries have documented the association between trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis failure and mutations in the Pneumocystis jirovecii gene coding for dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS). DNA was extracted from Giemsa-stained smears of 70 patients with P. jirovecii pneumonia seen in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 1997 to(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test for Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis) might be an alternative to histologic diagnoses of P. jiroveci pneumonia (PCP). However, previously developed nested PCR methods tend to have low specificities (high false-positive rates). In this study, nested and quantitative real-time PCR(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) -producing Escherichia coli in stool samples from 457 patients with travellers' diarrhoea who had travelled to tropical and subtropical countries. Ninety-seven ESBL-producing E. coli strains were isolated from 17.9% of the patients (82/457). CTX-M-15 was the most(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the Tn1546 structure and to perform the genetic typing of 51 PFGE-unrelated vanA-containing enterococci of different origin (clinical, food and faecal samples of healthy humans and healthy poultry). METHODS Tn1546 structure was characterized by a PCR primer walking strategy and sequencing. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was(More)
Traveller's diarrhoea (TD) is the most common illness reported in international travellers. TD is caused by a wide range of pathogens, including bacteria, viruses and parasites. Multiplex PCR assays can be especially useful for studying the aetiology of TD. The first objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of the commercially available multiplex(More)