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Potassium-stimulated catecholamine release from superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells (70 mM K+ in the presence of 2 mM Ca2+ for 10 s, applied at 5-min intervals) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine furnidipine (3 microM) by 50%. omega-Conotoxin MVIIC (CTx-MVIIC, 3 microM) also reduced the secretory response by about half. Combined CTx-MVIIC plus(More)
We describe here the effects of otilonium bromide (an anticholinergic agent widely used as an intestinal spasmolytic) on whole-cell currents through Ca2+ channels (IBa) and catecholamine secretion in rat adrenal glands and isolated rat chromaffin cells. Otilonium blocked the peak IBa current in voltage-clamped chromaffin cells in a concentration-dependent(More)
Donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine are three drugs with acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-inhibiting activity that are currently being used to treat patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease. We have studied the neuroprotective effects of these drugs, in comparison with nicotine, on cell death caused by beta-amyloid (Abeta) and okadaic acid, two models(More)
Methyllycaconitine (MLA), alpha-conotoxin ImI, and alpha-bungarotoxin inhibited the release of catecholamines triggered by brief pulses of acetylcholine (ACh) (100 microM, 5 s) applied to fast-superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, with IC50s of 100 nM for MLA and 300 nM for alpha-conotoxin ImI and alpha-bungarotoxin. MLA (100 nM), alpha-conotoxin ImI(More)
The hypothesis that the buffering of Ca(2+) by mitochondria could affect the Ca(2+)-dependent inhibition of voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels, (I(Ca)), was tested in voltage-clamped bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. The protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl-hydrazone (CCCP), the blocker of the Ca(2+) uniporter ruthenium red (RR), and a combination of(More)
Catecholamine release from bovine adrenal medulla chromaffin cells superfused with a Krebs-N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid solution was monitored on-line with an electrochemical detector. Caffeine (10 mM) progressively depressed the magnitude of secretory responses to depolarizing pulses of 70 mM K+ and 2 mM Ca2+ (70 K+/2 Ca2+) in cells(More)
Sustained, mild K+ depolarization caused bovine chromaffin cell death through a Ca(2+)-dependent mechanism. During depolarization, Ca(2+) entered preferentially through L-channels to induce necrotic or apoptotic cell death, depending on the duration of the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) signal, as proven by the following. (i) The L-type Ca(2+)(More)
1. In this study we pose the question of why the bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin cell needs various subtypes (L, N, P, Q) of the neuronal high-voltage activated Ca2+ channels to control a given physiological function, i.e. the exocytotic release of catecholamines. One plausible hypothesis is that Ca2+ channel subtypes undergo different patterns of(More)
We investigated the mechanism of the neuroprotective properties of chondroitin sulfate (CS), an endogenous perineuronal net glycosaminoglycan, in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells subjected to oxidative stress. Preincubation with CS for 24 h afforded concentration-dependent protection against H2O2-induced toxicity (50 microM for 24 h) measured as lactic(More)
1. Otilonium, a clinically useful spasmolytic, behaves as a potent blocker of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) as well as a mild wide-spectrum Ca2+ channel blocker in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. 2. 45Ca2+ uptake into chromaffin cells stimulated with high K+ (70 mM, 1 min) was blocked by otilonium with an IC50 of 7.6 microM. The drug(More)