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OBJECTIVES To establish the frequency of cognitive impairment in a population based sample of patients with recently diagnosed relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), and to determine the relation between cognitive abnormalities and the extent of macroscopic and microscopic tissue damage revealed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetisation(More)
Recent imaging studies have evidenced various cerebral patterns dependent on educational level during cognitive tasks in neurodegenerative diseases. Determining relationships between educational status and cerebral activation during cognitive demands in physiological conditions may help to better understand the role of education on cognitive efficacy and(More)
Cognition is frequently impaired in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). The predictive value of cognitive impairment on disability is unknown. The objective of this study was to correlate cognitive impairment and the progression of disability over 7 years. Forty-five patients, recruited after MS diagnosis, were followed for 7 years by yearly(More)
OBJECTIVE Learning and memory impairments are prevalent among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, such deficits are only weakly associated with MS disease severity (brain atrophy). The cognitive reserve hypothesis states that greater lifetime intellectual enrichment lessens the negative impact of brain disease on cognition, thereby helping to(More)
Detecting cognitive dysfunction may be clinically important during the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). We assessed a self-report questionnaire on cognitive complaints and individual neuropsychological tests to select patients with early relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) who needed comprehensive cognitive testing. Fifty-seven patients underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine MRI predictors for cognitive outcome in patients with early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS Forty-four patients recently diagnosed with clinically definite MS were followed up with clinical and cognitive evaluations at 1, 2, 5, and 7 years and underwent brain MRI including magnetization transfer (MT) imaging at(More)
Treatment of acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) induces partial or complete responses, shown by transient or persistent increases in platelet count. The clinical benefit could be due to blockade of the Fc gamma receptor (Fc gamma R); platelets sensitised by IgG could not be cleared by cells of the(More)
Recent technological developments, such as single unit recordings coupled to optogenetic approaches, have provided unprecedented knowledge about the precise neuronal circuits contributing to the expression and recovery of conditioned fear behavior. These data have provided an understanding of the contributions of distinct brain regions such as the amygdala,(More)
OBJECTIVES Compensatory processes involving the recruitment of additional cerebral areas can limit cognitive impairment caused by brain damage as revealed by fMRI. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by frequent cognitive deficiencies and diffuse brain damage. Understanding the missing or disturbed processes resulting in cognitive compensation failure(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether modification of the connections between cerebellar and prefrontal areas might vary among multiple sclerosis (MS) phenotypes and might be associated with cognitive failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS Approval of the institutional review boards and written informed consent were obtained from each participant. Stroop-related(More)