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Cytomegaloviruses express large amounts of viral miRNAs during lytic infection, yet, they only modestly alter the cellular miRNA profile. The most prominent alteration upon lytic murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection is the rapid degradation of the cellular miR-27a and miR-27b. Here, we report that this regulation is mediated by the ∼1.7 kb spliced and(More)
Theiler's virus, a murine picornavirus, infects the central nervous systems of C57BL/6 mice and is cleared after approximately 10 days by a process which requires CD8+ cytotoxic T cells. We used perforin-deficient C57BL/6 mice to test the role of this protein in viral clearance. Perforin-deficient mice died from viral encephalomyelitis between days 12 and(More)
Alpha(1-3) glucan is a main component of the Aspergillus fumigatus cell wall. In spite of its importance, synthesis of this amorphous polymer has not been investigated to date. Two genes in A. fumigatus, AGS1 and AGS2, are highly homologous to the AGS genes of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which encode putative alpha(1-3) glucan synthases. The predicted Ags(More)
The cell wall of human fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus protects the fungus against threats from environment and interacts with the host immune system. Alpha(1-3)glucan is the major polysaccharide of Aspergillus fumigatus cell wall, and it has been shown to contribute to the virulence of diverse fungal pathogens. In A. fumigatus, three putative(More)
Micro (mi)RNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of their targets' messenger RNAs through both translational inhibition and regulation of target RNA stability. Recently, a number of viruses, particularly of the herpesvirus family, have been shown to express their own miRNAs to control both viral and cellular transcripts. Although some(More)
Regulation of gene expression by microRNAs (miRNAs) is now considered as an essential mechanism for cell development and homeostasis. Indeed, numerous studies have reported that modulating their expression, maturation, or activity can affect cell survival, identity or activation. In particular, miRNAs are key players in the tight regulation of signaling(More)
UNLABELLED Antiviral RNA-mediated silencing (RNA interference [RNAi]) acts as a powerful innate immunity defense in plants, invertebrates, and mammals. In Caenorhabditis elegans, RNAi is systemic; i.e., RNAi silencing signals can move between cells and tissues. Furthermore, RNAi effects can be inherited transgenerationally and may last for many generations.(More)
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