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OBJECTIVE Decline in cognitive functions, including impaired acquisition of novel skills, is a feature of older age that impacts activities of daily living, independence, and integration in modern societies. METHODS We tested whether the acquisition of a complex motor skill can be enhanced in old subjects by the application of transcranial direct current(More)
Stroke is the leading cause of disability among adults. Motor deficit is the most common impairment after stroke. Especially, deficits in fine motor skills impair numerous activities of daily life. Re-acquisition of motor skills resulting in improved or more accurate motor performance is paramount to regain function, and is the basis of behavioral motor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Mechanisms of skill learning are paramount components for stroke recovery. Recent noninvasive brain stimulation studies demonstrated that decreasing activity in the contralesional motor cortex might be beneficial, providing transient functional improvements after stroke. The more crucial question, however, is whether this intervention(More)
The dentato-thalamo-cortical tract (DTCT) connects the lateral cerebellum with contralateral motor and nonmotor areas, such as the primary motor cortex (M1), the ventral premotor cortex (PMv), and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). As the acquisition of precisely timed finger movements requires the interplay between these brain regions, the(More)
Performance of unimanual movements is associated with bihemispheric activity in the motor cortex in old adults. However, the causal functional role of the ipsilateral MC (iMC) for motor control is still not completely known. Here, the behavioral consequences of interference of the iMC during training of a complex motor skill were tested. Healthy old (58-85(More)
Cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has the potential to modulate cerebellar outputs and visuomotor adaptation. The cerebellum plays a pivotal role in the acquisition and control of skilled hand movements, especially its temporal aspects. We applied cerebellar anodal tDCS concurrently with training of a synchronization-continuation(More)
Impaired motor skill acquisition is a feature of older age. Acquisition of new motor skills requires the interplay between different cortical motor areas. Using diffusion tensor imaging we reconstructed cortico-cortical connections between the primary motor cortex (M1) and secondary motor areas in 11 older and 11 young participants who took part in a motor(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive difficulties are the most common neurological complications in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients. Recent animal models proposed increased GABA-mediated inhibition as one underlying mechanism directly affecting the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) and learning. In most adult NF1 patients, apparent cognitive and attentional(More)
PURPOSE Recovery of hand function after stroke has been associated with transient overactivation of the cerebral sensorimotor network. One open question has been as to how much this transient overactivation is related to 'true' reorganisation of the network or reflecting the fact that a simple motor task is difficult to perform for a patient with a motor(More)
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